• The book is set in the capital city of the Persian Empire, Susa, east of the promised land and covers a period of about ten years.

Main characters

  • Esther
  • Haman – son of Hammedatha the Agagite (King Agag who was supposed to have been killed by King Saul).
  • Mordecai
  • Ahasuerus / Xerxes

Persian Empire

  • 492-490 B.C. – Darius makes an effort to conquer Greece
  • 480-479 B.C. – Xerxes starts second Greece campaign
  • The history is primarily from Herodotus’ 440-430 B.C. writiings.
  • Four capital cities: Pasargadae, Babylon, Susa, and Ecbatana

The removal of Vashti (Esther 1)

  • The king’s anger was long-lasting. It was about four years before Esther took over as queen.