By Ed Whitt

Benchley, September 6, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • What changed going into the 1st century
    • How that contrasted with Jesus’ ministry
  • Question from last week
    • First century treatment of women
      • Sounds like what Muslims teach today
      • Where did they get those teachings?
    • Mohammed grew up in the trade caravans
      • Encountered many Jews and Christians
      • Islam is a hodgepodge of adaptations from both
      • Borrowed from Hellenism on treatment of women
        • Mistook Jewish tradition with scriptural mandate
        • Saw conflicts as indication that scripture was corrupt
  • This lesson
    • Women in Jesus’ ministry
    • Social strata of Jerusalem and Judea
    • Intro into the Diaspora
  • More about women
    • Luke 7:36-50
    • Luke 10:38-42 – This directly contradicts teaching from rabbis that said women should not be taught.
      • Mary had the ability to make the choice to be a disciple and she made the right choice.
      • Acts 22:3
    • Luke 8:1-3
    • Luke 8:40-56
  • What’s the point?
    • Status and dignity of women eroded
      • By culture
      • By religious tradition
    • Jesus did not regard either
      • John’s message was of a return to God’s Word
      • Jesus adds to that road-paving message
      • The choice is ours, but the Truth is unchanging
      • Matthew 11:28-30
  • What was the first century social scene?
    • Farmers, farmers, farmers, and fishermen
      • Farmers included shepherds, and lots of them
        • Sheep were a staple, used for both food and clothing
      • All had long days, hard work
      • Most formed the base of the social strata

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, August 30, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • How women were regarded in Old Testament times
    • What changed going into the 1st century
  • This lesson
    • What changed going into the 1st century
    • How that contrasted with Jesus’ ministry
  • Rabbinical justification
    • What???
      • Rabbis were not mentioned in the Old Testament. It was not an office created by God.
      • Matthew 15:1-9
    • Sometimes scripture, sometimes “reasoning”
    • Examples
      • Psalms 45:13 – Interpretation: A woman’s place is in the home.
      • Deuteronomy 4:9 – Interpretation: Don’t teach your daughters the law.
      • Rabbi Jose ben Johanan – Don’t talk to women!
      • Rabbi Rabbah – Women are to stay at home.
      • Rabbi Erubin – Women are to be covered and shut up at home.
      • Women’s court in the temple
        • Women limited to only the women’s court in the temple.
    • Contrasting tradition with gospels and epistles
      • Women not relegated to the home
        • Workers in the home, yes – Titus 2:3-5
        • But no mandate to exclusivity – Acts 16:11-15, 40
      • Women present in much of Jesus’ ministry
        • Not part of the 12 or of the 70
        • Almost constantly present during His ministry
        • Never chided or degraded in New Testament writings
    • The woman at the well
      • John 4:1-45
      • Brings up rift between Jew and Samaritan
      • Jesus proves His perfect knowledge
      • She decides to use that knowledge
      • Leads her to the knowledge that Jesus is the Messiah
      • She takes the message to the village
    • More about women
      • Matthew 12:46-50
        • Women included
        • Could be disciples
      • Luke 7:36-50
    • Coming weeks
      • Social strata of Jerusalem
      • Religious sects
      • Temple
      • Priesthood

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, August 23, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • Status of women in Old Testament times
      • Scriptural limitations
      • Roles filled by women
  • This lesson
    • How women were regarded in Old Testament times
    • What changed going into the 1st century
  • How women were considered in Old Testament times
    • Included in the covenant – Deuteronomy 29:9-12
    • Sources of wisdom – II Samuel 14:1-21
    • Wisdom personified as feminine – Proverbs 7:4; 8:1-6
    • Having great prudence – I Samuel 25:23-42
    • Wife is a very good find – Proverbs 19:L14; 18:22
  • How women considered – continued:
    • Life of a women on par with life of a man – Exodus 21:22-29
    • Books of Ruth, Esther, Song of Solomon
    • Book of Judith (uninspired)
      • Apocryphal book that tells the story of a rebel named Judith
  • Status of women in Old Testament
    • Marriages were arranged
      • Between father and prospective husband
      • Love was not a factor
      • Maintenance of tribal inheritance was
    • Emancipated widows free to seek their own
      • Ruth a good example
      • Wise woman of Tekoa presumably made choice
    • Beyond that, status was what she made of it
  • Cultural changes approaching 1st century
    • Encroachment of Hellenism throughout society
      • Embraced by some
      • Abhorred by others
      • Unavoidable by any
      • Numbness brought about by time
    • Gradual acceptance of cultural “norms”
      • Included many aspects of society
      • One change was women’s status
  • Effects of Hellenization on women
    • Neither seen nor heard
      • Harem system had roots in Hellenism
      • Woman’s place was in the home
      • Women not to be educated or to teach
      • Women to be “hidden” in public
    • Diminished legal standing
      • Could not testify in court
      • Disallowed from owning property

I Corinthians, Part 29

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, January 4, 2016

  • I Corinthians 14:34-15:11
  • I Corinthians 14:34-35 – It is improper for a woman to speak out when the whole church has gathered to worship. The reason is that women are to be in subjection, which goes all the way back to Genesis.
  • I Corinthians 14:37-38 – Paul is reinforcing the regulations he has set forth. Men could not claim to have a revelation with different regulations.
  • I Corinthians 15:5 – “The twelve” here is evidently a figure of speech. Since Judas was dead, there were only eleven apostles at the time.

I Corinthians, Part 28

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, December 28, 2016

  • I Corinthians 14:23-35
  • I Corinthians 14:23 – So far, Paul has been talking about regulations regarding the use of spiritual gifts. Now he explains the reasoning behind some of these regulations.
  • I Corinthians 14:32 – Their spiritual gifts could be controlled.
  • I Corinthians 14:33 – This is one of the reasons for the regulations on spiritual gifts that Paul was describing. The gifts were not to be used to bring about confusion.
  • I Corinthians 14:34 – This is specifically directed at women who were married to men with spiritual gifts. They were not to interrupt while their husband was speaking or prophesying.  Women were to be in subjection, as was the rule all the way back to Genesis.
  • I Corinthians 14:35 – Here the rule for women is expanded to speaking in the assembly in general.

1 Corinthians, Part 20

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, October 12, 2016

  • I Corinthians 11:1-16, continued
  • I Corinthians 11:15 – How long is long? I Corinthians 11:10 indicates that a woman should have a symbol of subjection on her head.  This verse identifies her hair as this covering.  Thus, the hair must be long enough to act as a covering and clearly distinguish woman from man.

I Corinthians, Part 19

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, October 5, 2016

  • I Corinthians 11:1-16
  • I Corinthians 11:3 – Man is the head of woman. This was the order God put in place in Genesis 3:16.  Christ is the head of man and God is the head of Christ.
  • I Corinthians 11:14 – This is one of the few things that Paul proved first by the scriptures and then by appealing to nature.
  • I Corinthians 11:4-5 – Some argue that the rules for head coverings were in force only during the time of spiritual gifts because prophesying is mentioned. However, praying is also mentioned, which certainly still applies today.  Women’s roles are still the same as they were in Paul’s day, thus the rules are the same.
  • I Corinthians 11:15 – Some argue that this passage is talking about artificial head coverings. This verse dispels that idea by stating that women were given long hair for a covering.  The Greek word translated “covering” here specifically means an artificial covering.

Godly Families, Part 9

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Godly Families, Part 8

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By David Watson

Benchley, September 11, 2016

  • Women: love your husbands, love your children (continued)
    • Discontentment with God’s arrangements is an affront to God Himself.
      • The rebellion of Korah – Numbers 16:3; Exodus 4:14-16; Numbers 16:28
      • The rebellion of Miriam and Aaron – Numbers 12
      • I Samuel 8:7
      • Romans 13:2
    • How should a wife submit?
      • In all things that harmonize with God’s Word
        • Ephesians 5:22-24; Colossians 3:18; Ephesians 6:1
        • I Peter 3:1-2 – Wives are obligated to submit even if their husband is not a Christian.
      • With sincere respect as a service to the Lord
        • Ephesians 5:22 – See Ephesians 6:5-8. Sincerity is key!
        • Colossians 3:22-24
        • I Peter 3:3-4 – Be more concerned about how your soul looks to God than about how your body looks to man. II Corinthians 4:16

Godly Families, Part 7

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By David Watson

Benchley, September 4, 2016

  • Men: lead and sacrifice with love (continued)
    • A father must lead his children (continued)
      • Fathers are specifically warned about exasperating their children. Ephesians 6:4; Colossians 3:21; Ephesians 4:26; James 3:9
      • Beware of hypocrisy. Matthew 23:3
        • If you don’t want your child to do something, don’t do it yourself.
        • Lead by example. The best way to raise children who are atheists and agnostics is to be a hypocrite.
      • Don’t be preoccupied with money or a career. Luke 12:15-23; 16:13; I Timothy 6:10-11
      • Don’t expect surrogates to fulfill your responsibilities.
        • Fathers must do more than just earn a paycheck. I Timothy 3:4-5
          • Consider the work an elder would be doing. Titus 1:9; Hebrews 13:17; I Peter 5:2-3
        • Women: love your husbands, love your children
          • A wife is responsible for subjecting herself to her husband.
            • Genesis 3:16; Ephesians 5:22-33; Titus 2:4-5
          • Submitting to a leader does not mean one is inferior in value.
            • Woman was created to be man’s “helper.” Genesis 2:18-20
              • Who is called a helper in Psalms 115:9-11 and John 14:26?
            • Likewise, man being called her “head” does not mean she is less valuable, either.
              • I Corinthians 11:3; Philippians 2:5-8
            • A wife is of equal value but must fill her role as a helper, letting her husband fill his role as the head.