By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 20, 2017

  • The primary argument against Bible classes is that there is no direct Biblical example for them. This is true, but examples are not the only way we learn what a church is authorized to do.
Authority General Specific Specific Expedient Addition
I Corinthians 11:24-25 (Lord’s Supper) Take His Supper Saint Container / hour (I Corinthians 14:16) Different supper / sinner
Genesis 6:4 Build Ark Noah How obtained / bound Different boat / builder
I Timothy 5:16 Relieve Widows indeed Local church Buy / rent Different widow / organization
Philippians 4:15-16 Collective support Teacher of the Word Local church Dollars / house Different teacher / organization
Acts 20:28; I Peter 5:2 Feed The flock among you Local church Gospel meeting / Bible classes Different flock / organization

By David Watson

Benchley, August 20, 2014

 

  • I Timothy 5:16-22
  • I Timothy 5:17 – The two honors are respect and pay for their work. I Thessalonians 5:12; Matthew 10:9-10; Luke 7:10; I Corinthians 9:9

 

By David Watson

Benchley, July 23, 2014

 

  • I Timothy 4:6-5:16
  • I Timothy 5:1 – This is referring to older men in general, not those who hold the office of an elder. Older men should be shown the proper respect.
  • I Timothy 5:3-16 – Care for needy widows. The church may care for those who are truly widows, are old enough, are faithful, and have no one else to care for them.
    • I Timothy 5:3 – See Matthew 15:4. “Honor” can include money.
    • I Timothy 5:4 – Widows with children or grandchildren should be cared for by their family.
    • I Timothy 5:8 – Take care of your relatives, especially your immediate family.
    • I Timothy 5:9-10 – A widow must be faithful and of a certain age in order for the church to care for her.
      • Is this the “widow indeed” from I Timothy 5:3,5,16?
      • What does it mean to be “put on the list”? The context is of material support.

 

By David Watson

Benchley, December 15, 2013

 

  • Notice that in all 9 passages which have to do with a church providing material goods, the ones receiving those goods were needy Christians.
    • To say it another way, in every instance of a church using the Lord’s money to relieve those who were poor, it was limited to Christians who were poor.
    • Sometimes this is called “limited benevolence.”
  • Consider some arguments which have been made:
    • Acts 2:46 – “The early church broke bread from house to house.”
      • Some argue that the early Christians were living in a communal fashion through the church treasury.
      • This is not a valid conclusion. They could have simply been sharing meals with each other.
    • James 1:27 – “Can’t the church practice pure and undefiled religion?”
      • This verse is talking about individual responsibilities.
      • Compare this verse to I Timothy 5:16.
    • Luke 10:30-37 – “Jesus taught us to do the same as the good Samaritan.”
      • This is directed to individuals, not churches.
    • II Corinthians 9:13 – “Paul said the money went to ‘them’ (needy saints) and to ‘all’ (others).”
      • This interpretation conflicts with other passages where it is repeatedly stated that this money was for the saints.

 

By David Watson

Benchley, October 16, 2013

 

  • When do you have local church action? (continued)
    • When there are Christians living and taking action in a particular area?
      • Is geography the deciding factor? Are Christians automatically part of the church which assembles the closest to their residence?
      • Acts 9:26-28
    • When all local church members act together in spiritual work?
      • I Timothy 5:16
      • Acts 4:32-5:4. Note the difference between one’s own money, and that which has been given into a common fund. (See also John 12:3-6 – can you pilfer your own money?)
        • Acts 4:37 – “laid it at the apostles’ feet” implies that the money was under the control of the apostles. It does not mean that the money now belonged to the apostles.
      • Matthew 18:15-17
        • Collective: more than a plurality – it’s acting as one.
          • Singular:
            • One link of a chain
            • Christian
            • Matthew 18:15-17 – You
          • Plural
            • Multiple links of a chain
            • Christians
            • Matthew 18:15-17 – 2 or 3 witnesses
          • Collective
            • The entire chain
            • Local church
            • Matthew 18:15-17 – church
      • Philippians 2:25,30; 4:14-18. Note that Epaphroditus delivered the money, but the work was that of the Philippian church.
      • I Corinthians 11:17
      • Philippians 1:27

 

By David Watson

Benchley, October 9, 2013

 

  • There is a difference between an individual and a local church.
    • Matthew 18:15-17 – Jesus made a distinction between three parties:
      • you” (an individual)
      • one or two more with you”
      • the church”
    • I Timothy 5:16 – “she must assist them and the church must not be burdened.” The Holy Spirit made a distinction between an individual taking action and the church taking action.
    • Some say whatever an individual has authority to do, a local church has authority to do, but…
      • Individuals marry each other (I Corinthians 7:2-5).
      • Individuals get jobs and make a profit (James 4:13; I Thessalonians 4:11-12).
      • Individuals have certain family responsibilities (Ephesians 6:4; Titus 2:4-5).
      • Local churches cannot do these things.
    • A letter being addressed to a church does not mean that everything in that letter pertains to collective church work.
      • I Thessalonians
        • I Thessalonians 1:1: “To the church of the Thessalonians”
        • I Thessalonians 4:11: “lead a quiet life and attend to your own business and work with your hands”
      • I Corinthians
        • I Corinthians 1:2: “To the church of God which is at Corinth”
        • I Corinthians 7:2: “each man is to have his own wife, and each woman is to have her own husband”
      • Letters to churches sometimes address the individuals who make up those churches in their various roles. They are instructed in duties in relation to family, self, neighbors, etc., and sometimes in relation to the local church.
      • Likewise, a letter addressed to an individual may contain some information relevant to a local church (I Timothy 3:1-13; 5:16; Titus 1:5-9).
    • The Biblical distinction between an individual and a church is important because many arguments are based on the failure to make this distinction. Verses which concern individual action (such as James 1:27) are erroneously used in an effort to prove what a church is authorized to do.
  • When do you have local church action?
    • When there is a plurality of Christians acting together? No.
      • Matthew 18:16-17 – Here a plurality of Christians is distinct from the church.
      • Acts 13:1-3; 14:23 – A plurality of Christians is sent out to do the work. If a plurality of Christians is a church, you have one church appointing elders in other churches!
      • I Corinthians 11:22 – A distinction is made between eating a regular meal and coming together as a church to eat the Lord’s Supper.
    • When all the members of the local church act together?
      • Acts 19:39
      • Imagine a small church of 12 members.
        • What if they happen to compose a jury? No, they are not acting as a church.
        • What is they compose a city council? They are acting as a city council when working together in that role – not a church.
    • When people assemble together?
      • I Corinthians 14:23
      • Matthew 18:16

 

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, May 12, 2013

  1. Functions of a Christian that rest upon the peculiar grounds of his being a Christian
  2. And which are also authorized for performance together with other Christians
  3. Are functions for which a local church is authorized to make provision.
  • Luke 10:30-35 – We have a duty to help those in need on an individual basis.
  • James 1:27 – caring for widows and orphans
  • I Timothy 5:14 – This is a family relationship, not an obligation of the church.
  • I Timothy 5:16 – helping widows
  • I Corinthians 9:1-14 – churches supporting preachers
  • Assembling – Hebrews 10:25.  This is a function that a local church is authorized to make provision for.
  • Discipline – I Corinthians 5:4-5.  The church is authorized to make provision for discipline of its members.
  • The local church is to meet for worship, preach to the lost, edify the saved, and help the needy in certain cases.

The Individual in Benevolence

Posted by mark under Sermons

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, October 21, 2012

 

  • Luke 10:30-35– the good Samaritan
    • This is talking about what an individual person should do.
  • James 1:22-27– visiting widows and orphans
    • This shows personal responsibility.
  • Matthew 5:43-47 – Love your enemies.
  • Galatians 6:1-10– We are to do good to all, but brethren take precedence.
    • This passage is talking about individuals doing spiritual good to others.

Benevolent Work of the Church

Posted by mark under Sermons

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, September 23, 2012

 

James 1:19-2:5

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, May 20, 2012

 

  • James 1:19 – It is not sinful to be angry. It is sinful to handle that anger incorrectly. We are to be slow to anger. When we do get angry, it should be with the righteous anger that is of God.
  • James 1:22 – This is a commentary on what it means to receive the word as commanded in James 1:21. In order to properly receive the word, we have to be a doer of the word and mot merely a hearer.
  • James 1:25 – “One who looks intently at the perfect law” is the idea of stopping and looking at God’s law, not just a passing glance.