By David Watson

Benchley, March 18, 2015

  • Even though we are under the New Covenant today and not the Old Covenant, the Old Testament is still valuable and helpful:
    • Reveals God’s eternal plan and ancient human history
      • Ephesians 3:4,11
      • Genesis 3:15
      • Genesis 12:3
    • Gives examples of human qualities commanded under the New Covenant
      • Patience – Abraham did not always have enough!
    • Teaches us about God
      • II Peter 3:3-7
      • Hebrews 3:7
    • Warns us of disobedience
      • I Corinthians 10:5-12 – Learn from Old Testament examples!
    • Gives us instruction, courage, and hope
      • Romans 4:19-22
      • Romans 15:2
    • Provides evidence for the inspiration of the Bible
      • The Old Testament is full of examples of scientific foreknowledge and historical accuracy that demonstrate its inspiration.
    • Shows us how to interpret Scripture
      • Exodus 3:6; Luke 20:37 – Jesus made a very fine point from Exodus, showing that God expects us to make inferences and read His Word closely.
    • Teaches us timeless truths
      • Matthew 19:4
    • Shows, by way of contrast, the superiority of the New Covenant
      • Hebrews 8:6

God’s Law Through the Ages

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, March 15, 2015

  • Genesis 1: Laws for patriarchs
    • Genesis 3:3; 6:14; 18:9
  • Exodus 20: Law of Moses for Israel (Old Covenant)
    • Deuteronomy 5:1
    • Matthew 5:17
    • Galatians 3:16, 19, 24 – The old law led up to Christ.
  • Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel: Laws for Gentiles
    • Isaiah 13:1; 14:29; 15:1; 18:1; 21:11, 13 – messages for various nations
  • Jews: Acts 2, Gentiles: Acts 10:  Laws of Christ for all (New Covenant)
    • Hebrews 1:1
    • Galatians 3:28
  • Are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John part of the Old Covenant?
    • Jesus lived under the Old Covenant.
      • Galatians 4:4; Matthew 5:17-18
    • Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John: Taught the New Covenant
    • Acts 2: Law of Christ (New Covenant)
    • But Jesus introduced the New Covenant that would soon take effect.
      • Jesus proclaimed the kingdom which was “at hand.”
        • Matthew 4:17, 23
        • Matthew 5:3, 10
        • Matthew 16:18, 28
        • Luke 16:16-17
        • Luke 17:14
      • Jesus introduced new truths not found in the Old Covenant.
        • Matthew 26:26-29 – institution of the Lord’s Supper
        • John 4:20-21 – Jerusalem would no longer be important.
        • John 2:15
        • John 3:3 – being born again
      • The words of Jesus before the cross were still binding after the cross.
        • I Corinthians 11:23-26
        • Colossians 1:13
        • I Timothy 6:3-4 – Teaching must conform to what Jesus taught.
      • So what?
        • Galatians 5:3-4
        • Marriage, divorce, and remarriage passages – Matthew 5:19; Mark 10; Luke 16
        • Hebrews 1:1-2; 2:3

Hebrews, Part 9

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, November 16, 2014

  • Hebrews 8:1-13
  • Hebrews 8:6 – The new covenant is built on better promises in that our sins are forgiven forever – not just rolled forward year by year.
  • Hebrews 8:10 – Being God’s people involves following the pattern God has set for us, both personally and collectively.
  • Hebrews 8:13 – See Jeremiah 31:31. This is exactly what Jeremiah prophesied over 700 years earlier.  The old law is obsolete and no longer in force.
    • Some argue that there was a transition period in AD 33-70 during which the Jews were still to worship according to the old covenant. Hebrews 13:10 and 10:9 show this not to be true.  When the new covenant was in effect (Acts 2), the old covenant was immediately obsolete.

Mark, Part 3

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, February 23, 2014

 

  • Mark 2:1-13 – Jesus heals the paralytic.
  • Mark 2:13-17 – Matthew is called.
  • Mark 2:18-22 – Many people understand this passage backwards. Jesus is saying that it is inappropriate to patch the new law onto the old law. See Luke 5:36-39. It was just as absurdly inappropriate for Jesus’ disciples to fast while He was with them as it would be for new wine to be put in old wineskins.
  • Mark 2:23-28 – See I Samuel 21:1. The law of the Sabbath was secondary to other laws. The Pharisees were trying to confuse the priorities here in order to trip up Jesus. They attempt the same thing again in Mark 3:1-5.
  • Mark 3:1-5 – Jesus heals a man on the Sabbath.

Galatians, Part 8

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 18, 2013

 [My apologies – the beginning of this recording was lost.  Sorry about that.]

  • Galatians 4:21-5:10
  • Two women representing two covenants:
    • Hagar:  Old Covenant
    • Sarah:  New Covenant
  • Two sons representing two nations:
    • Ishmael:  fleshly Israel
    • Isaac:  spiritual Israel
  • The final verdict:  “Cast out the bond woman (Old Covenant) and her son (fleshly Israel).  The son of the free woman (New Covenant) shall be the Heir.”
  • Galatians 4:27 – There would be many more children of the New Covenant than there were of the Old Covenant.  Here the phrase “has a husband” refers to having a child by a husband (Hagar) as opposed to Sarah, who was barren.
  • Galatians 4:31 – See Romans 2:27-29.
  • Galatians 5:3 – Anyone who tries to keep any bit of the old law in combinations with the new law is bound to keep the entirety of the old law to be acceptable to God.  Of course, it is now impossible to completely follow the old law, so trying to keep any part of it is folly.
  • Galatians 5:9 – If they added a little bit of the old law back into their practices, they would wholly fall from grace as far as God was concerned.

Galatians, Part 7

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 14, 2013

  • Galatians 3:24-4:11
  • Galatians 3:25 – “Faith” here is referring to the system of faith that Jesus brought as opposed to the system of law delivered to Moses (the Old Covenant).

Galatians, Part 6

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 7, 2013

Galatians, Part 5

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, July 31, 2013

 

  • Galatians 3:1-12
  • Galatians 3:2 – There are four main ideas about what “receive the Spirit” means here:
    1. Personal indwelling of the Holy Spirit (conflicts with other passages)
    2. Miracles (conflicts with other passages)
    3. Spiritual mindedness (possible)
    4. The gospel (most likely, fits the context best)
  • Galatians 3:3 – See Romans 4:6-8.  Justification is not by keeping the law.  It is through faith and obedience.

Galatians, Part 4

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, July 24, 2013

  • Galatians 2:11-21
  • Galatians 2:14 – The word “if” here is used in the sense of “since,” just as we still do today.  See Galatians 2:18.  Paul was rebuking Peter for going back and adding in the old law again.
  • Galatians 2:16 – We will not be justified by law keeping because no one except Jesus has ever kept the law perfectly.
  • Galatians 2:19 – Once Paul became a Christian under the new law, the old law had no bearing on him.

By David Watson

Benchley, September 16, 2012