Exodus, Part 12

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 18, 2017

  • Exodus 32
  • Exodus 32:1-8 – The people and instant gratification
    • Moses was on the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights (Exodus 24:18).
    • Exodus 32:6 – The word “play” may have a sexual connotation.
    • I Thessalonians 5:1-11; II Peter 3:10-11 – We aren’t told when Jesus is coming, but what is our job until that time?
  • Moses and strong, loving leadership
    • Great leadership in God’s eyes is taking a strong stand against sin.
    • Moses was willing to take the punishment for the people’s sin. Exodus 32:31-35
  • Aaron and weak leadership
    • Exodus 32:4 – Does “they” include Aaron?
    • Exodus 32:21-25 – Aaron just makes things worse with lies and excuses.
  • God’s compassion (Exodus 32:9-14)
    • The people took the blessings of God and used them wickedly. Isn’t that always what sin is?
    • Despite this great sin, God chose not to destroy them.
    • Nehemiah 9:17-21
    • I John 1:9
    • Romans 2:4

Exodus, Part 11

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 4, 2017

  • Exodus 25-31
  • The tabernacle and priests
    • Exodus 25:1-9
    • Exodus 31:1-6 – Bezalel and Oholiab were appointed by God to be the craftsmen to build the tabernacle. God endowed them with special knowledge.
    • The tabernacle and its coverings (Exodus 26:1-30; 36:8-34)
    • Veil and screen (Exodus 26:31-37; 36:35-38)
    • Court (Exodus 27:9-19; 38:9-20)
    • Ark of the covenant (Exodus 25:10-16; 37:1-5)
    • Mercy seat (Exodus 25:17-22; 37:6-9)
    • Altar of incense (Exodus 30:1-10, 34-38; 37:25-29)
    • Table of showbread (Exodus 25:23-30; 26:35; 37:10-16)
    • Golden lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40; 26:35; 27:20-21; 37:17-24)
    • Bronze altar (Exodus 27:1-8; 38:1-7)
    • Bronze laver (Exodus 30:17-21; 38:8)
  • Garments for priests (Exodus 28:1-43; 39:1-31)
    • Ephod (Exodus 28:6-14; 39:2-7)
    • Breastpiece (Exodus 28:15-30; 39:8-21)
    • Robe (Exodus 28:31-35; 39:22-26)
    • Turban (Exodus 28:36-38; 39:28, 30-31)
    • Tunic and sash (Exodus 28:39; 39:27, 29)
  • Consecration of the priests (Exodus 29:1-37)
    • Exodus 29:38-42 – Offerings to be made each day.
      • Hebrews 10:10-14 – The power of the sacrifice of Jesus – one sacrifice for all!
    • “That I may dwell among them” (Exodus 25:8)
      • Hebrews 8:1-6. See also Hebrews 9:11-12, 23-24

Exodus, Part 10

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 28, 2017

  • Exodus 21-24
  • The covenant is ratified (Exodus 24)
    • Ratifying the covenant
      • Moses recites all the laws; the people agree (Exodus 24:3)
      • Moses writes down all the laws – Exodus 20-23 (Exodus 24:3)
      • Offerings are made on a special altar (Exodus 24:4-5)
      • Moses uses the blood from the offerings
        • Half sprinkled on altar (Exodus 24:6)
        • Half sprinkled on people (Exodus 24:8)
      • Moses reads all the laws; they agree again (Exodus 24:7)
      • 74 representatives see God, then feast (Exodus 24:9-11)
    • The importance of blood in the process
      • Exodus 24:8
      • I Corinthians 11:25
      • Hebrews 9:18-23
      • The old covenant tabernacle is not a parallel to a modern church building. Instead the tabernacle is a parallel to the real temple that exists in heaven and was inaugurated by the blood of Jesus Himself.
    • The Promised Land (Exodus 23:20-33)
      • God was ready to bless them, but many lost faith in the promises. Let us not repeat their mistakes! Hebrews 3:16-19
    • Slavery (Exodus 21:2-11)
      • Slavery was a reality in Bible times. Sometimes, people found themselves destitute and their only option to repay debts was slavery.
      • Under the Old Covenant, God put a number of protections in place to protect slaves.
      • Leviticus 19:9-10
      • Deuteronomy 15:7-18
      • Slavery was to be a temporary condition that ended well for the slave.
      • Colossians 4:1
    • “A woman with child” (Exodus 21:22-25)
      • God’s laws here protect the life of the mother and unborn child.
      • God’s protection of the baby still in the womb shows that an unborn child was already considered a life.
    • Exodus 21:28 – Laws about a goring ox.
    • Exodus 23:19 – possibly an anti-Canaanite law?

Exodus, Part 9

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 14, 2017

  • Exodus 19-20
  • Sinai and the ten commandments:
    • Overview:
      • First 4: obligations to God
      • Last 6: obligations to other people
    • No other gods (Exodus 20:3)
    • No idols (Exodus 20:4-6)
      • All other religions used physical images.
      • See also Exodus 20:22-25.
    • Do not take God’s name in vain (Exodus 20:7)
      • See also Leviticus 19:12.
    • Observe the Sabbath day (Exodus 20:8-11)
      • Deuteronomy 5:15
      • Compare Hebrews 4:9. We work on Earth and at the end we receive rest.
      • Colossians 2:16-17 – the Sabbath is no longer commanded.
    • Honor your father and mother (Exodus 20:12)
      • Matthew 15:3-6
      • Ephesians 6:1
      • This is not just requiring obedience. You must obey and honor your parents.
    • You shall not murder (Exodus 20:13)
      • Exodus 21:12 – capital punishment
      • Numbers 35:15-34 – God distinguishes between accidental death, murder, and execution.
    • You shall not commit adultery (Exodus 20:14)
      • See also Leviticus 18, 20.
    • You shall not steal (Exodus 20:15)
    • You shall not bear false witness (Exodus 20:16)
    • You shall not covet (Exodus 20:17)
  • “You shall be my own possession” (Exodus 19:5-6)
    • Compare Galatians 3:7-14; Titus 2:14; I Peter 2:9
  • “The Lord came down on Mt. Sinai” (Exodus 19:20)
    • Compare Deuteronomy 5:22-29

Exodus, Part 8

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 7, 2017

  • Exodus 14-18
  • Exodus 14:10-12 – Israel was trying to transition from slavery to freedom at the hands of God. They were now personally involved in the conflict with Pharaoh.
  • Colossians 3:1-4
  • Hebrews 11:29
  • I Peter 5:6-7
  • Exodus 15:4 – Red Sea or Sea of Reeds?
    • Hebrew word is yam-sûf (סוּף)
    • Whatever yam-sûf was, it was deep and vast enough to kill the Egyptian army!
    • I Kings 9:26

Exodus, Part 7

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, April 30, 2017

  • Exodus 11-13
  • The Passover (Exodus 12:27)
    • Hebrews 11:27
Passover Feast & Lamb Jesus
Observed night of Exodus (Exodus 12:11-12) Observed night of arrest (Luke 22:7, 54)
Old Covenant memorial (Luke 22:14-15) New Covenant memorial (Luke 22:19-20)
Israel’s Passover (Exodus 12:47) Our Passover (I Corinthians 5:7)
Unblemished (Exodus 12:5) Unblemished (I Peter 1:19)
No bones broken (Exodus 12:46) No bones broken (John 19:36)
Saved by its blood (Exodus 12:13) Saved by His blood (Romans 5:9)
Must apply the blood (Exodus 12:22) Must apply His blood (Romans 6:3-4)

 

  • Plague #10: Death of the firstborn (Exodus 12:28-32)
    • Egyptian gods:
      • Pharaoh – son of Ra, incarnation of Horus
      • Pharaoh’s son – born of the gods
      • Anubis – god of death/embalming
      • Min – god of procreation/reproduction
      • Isis – associated with reproduction
      • Hathor – one of 7 deities who attended births
      • Apis bull – sacred, firstborn animal
    • This plague was catastrophic, touching even Pharaoh’s own family. Notice the difference between Exodus 5:2 and 12:31-32. God sent an unforgettable message: You have enslaved my firstborn; I have killed your firstborn (Exodus 4:22-23).
  • The Exodus (Exodus 12:33-51)
    • Moses led 600,000 men (Exodus 12:37; perhaps 2,000,000 people total) out of Egypt.
    • God holds the future in His hands! II Peter 3:10-11
  • How long were they in Egypt?
    • Exodus 12:40-41
    • Genesis 15:13-14
    • Acts 7:6
  • 430 years in Egypt? But what about this?
    • Math from genealogies (Exodus 6:16-20; I Chronicles 23:6-13)
      • This allows a maximum of 350 years)
    • Galatians 3:16-17
      • Promises to Abraham à leave Egypt, get law = 430 years
    • Other ancient sources
      • Septuagint
      • Samaritan Pentateuch
    • Possibly God counted the years of Abraham and his family in Canaan, which was 215 years. This would allow 215 years to be in Egypt.

Exodus, Part 6

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, April 23, 2017

[Due to technical difficulties, we only have audio for the last ten minutes of this class. Sorry about that! -MRW]

Exodus, Part 5

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, April 9, 2017

  • Exodus 7-8
  • Moses and the Gods of Egypt by John J. Davis
  • God controlled the exact timing and location of the plagues.
    • Exodus 8:10, 22; 10:2; 12:12; 18:11; Numbers 33:4; Isaiah 19:1
    • God was directly challenging many of their 80 or so gods and showing them to be powerless.
  • Plague 1: Water to blood (Exodus 7:14-25)
    • Egyptian gods:
      • Hapi – god of fertility; “spirit of the Nile,” its dynamic essence; sometimes manifest in the crocodile
      • Khnum – guardian of the Nile resources
      • Osiris – god of underworld; Nile was his bloodstream
      • Neith – warlike goddess associated with lates fish
      • Hathor – protector of chromis fish
  • Plague 2: Frogs (Exodus 8:1-15)
    • Egyptian gods:
      • Frogs themselves were deified
      • Heqt: frog-headed goddess
  • Plague 3: Gnats (Exodus 8:16-19)
    • Egyptian gods:
      • Set – god of the desert
      • Priests – physical purity ruined
    • This was a direct insult from God to the magicians and priests of Egypt.
  • Plague 4: Flies (Exodus 8:20-32)
    • Egyptian gods:
      • Uatchit – associated with one type of fly

Exodus, Part 4

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, April 2, 2017

  • Special study: “I will harden Pharaoh’s heart.”
    • Exodus 7:1-13
    • How could a just God control Pharaoh’s heart and then punish him for it?
      • God was not controlling Pharaoh’s will, but simply presenting him with a demand He knew Pharaoh would not obey.
    • Key passage: Exodus 14:1-8
    • Passages about Pharaoh’s hard heart fall into three main groups:
      • God hardens his heart
      • Pharaoh hardens his heart
      • His heart is hardened
    • Exodus 6:1
    • Exodus 9:14
    • I Samuel 6:6
    • Romans 9:15-24
      • John Calvin used this passage to teach that God controls people and decides who will be saved.
      • God chooses to use certain people in certain ways, but that does not mean He chooses specific people for salvation.
    • James 1:13-14 – God does not tempt anyone! He does test people from time to time, but He never tries to get people to sin.
    • Ezekiel 33:11; II Peter 3:9 – God does not want anyone to perish. His desire was not to punish people.
    • What does it mean to say God is not partial? Acts 10:34; Romans 2:11; Galatians 2:6; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 3:25
      • We can all serve God to the extent that our circumstances allow.