Exodus, Part 15

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, July 16, 2017

  • The legacy of Exodus
    • Deliverance/freedom
      • God is able to deliver His people from slavery.
      • Leviticus 26:13; Judges 6:7-10; Leviticus 11:45; Isaiah 48:20-21; Jeremiah 16:14-15; Psalms 77:20
      • John 8:31-34 – Jesus delivers us from slavery to sin, just as God delivered the Israelites from physical slavery.
    • Provisions
      • God provides for the needs of His people.
      • Psalms 78:24-25; John 6:31-35
      • Nor reading your Bible is like failing to pick up manna from Heaven!
    • Lack of faith
      • Despite God’s blessings, His people tend to turn their backs on Him.
      • I Samuel 10:17-19
      • Psalm 78:42-53; 81:10-16; I Corinthians 10:1-7
      • Hebrews 10:28-29
    • Law
      • God’s law is a blessing for His people.
      • Romans 3:1-2
      • Jeremiah 31:31-34
    • Power and glory of God
      • God’s mighty hand in Egypt displayed His power and made a name for Himself.
      • I Samuel 6:6; Psalms 105:26-45; Isaiah 63:12; Romans 9:17
    • Tabernacle
      • The tabernacle Moses built is but a shadow of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched.
      • Hebrews 8:1-6; 9:1-12
      • Acts 7:35-44

Exodus, Part 14

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, July 2, 2017

  • Exodus 35-40
  • Constructing the tabernacle
    • Construction timeline
Year 1, Month 1, Day 14 Ate first passover Exodus 12:6
Year 1, Month 1, Day 15 Firstborn die at midnight; Israel ordered to leave Exodus 12:29-32
Year 1, Month 3 Came into wilderness of Sinai Exodus 19:1
God on Mt. Sinai, making covenant Exodus 19-23
Moses on Mt. Sinai 40 days Exodus 24:18
Golden calf Exodus 32
Moses on Mt. Sinai 40 days (again) Exodus 34:28
Tabernacles/priestly garments made Exodus 36-39
Year 2, Month 1, Day 1 Tabernacle erected Exodus 40:2, 17

 

  • Contribution for the tabernacle
    • Exodus 35
    • More than enough material was collected (Exodus 36:6-7)
    • I Timothy 6:17-19 – Don’t trust in riches, but use them properly.
  • “Just as the Lord had commanded” (Exodus 39:43)
    • Exodus 39:32-43
  • The cloud covered the tent of meeting (Exodus 40:34-38)
    • Exodus 40:1-15 – God tells Moses how to set everything up.
    • Exodus 40:17-33 – Moses sets everything up.
    • Exodus 40:34-38 – God’s presence fills the tabernacle.

 

Exodus, Part 13

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 25, 2017

  • Exodus 33-34
  • Exodus 34:6-7 – God is loving and just.
  • Exodus 33:3-6, 12-17; 34:8-9 – God refuses to be present with the people. Moses intercedes and God relents.
  • I Peter 2:9-12
  • I Thessalonians 4:17-18
  • Exodus 34:29-35 – Moses’ face shone after speaking with God. The New Covenant is even more glorious! II Corinthians 3:7-18
Old Covenant New Covenant
Ministry of death Ministry of the Spirit
Ministry of condemnation Ministry of righteousness
Fades away Remains
Glory: Moses’ shining face Even more glory!

 

  • Exodus 33:7-11 – God spoke to Moses as a man speaks to a friend.
  • Exodus 33:18-23 – Moses asks to see the glory of God. God allows him to see His glory but not His face.
    • John 1:18
    • I Timothy 1:17
    • I Timothy 6:16
    • I John 4:12
    • Exodus 33:11
    • Numbers 12:8
    • Deuteronomy 34:10
    • When Jesus comes, we will be changed and be like Him! I John 3:2
  • The covenant renewed (Exodus 34:10-28)
  • He wrote on the tablets (Exodus 34:28)
    • First two tablets: God provided tablets (Exodus 24:12), God wrote on tablets (Exodus 31:18)
    • Second two tablets: Moses cut tablets (Exodus 34:1), God wrote on tablets (Exodus 34:28; Deuteronomy 10:4)

Exodus, Part 12

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 18, 2017

  • Exodus 32
  • Exodus 32:1-8 – The people and instant gratification
    • Moses was on the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights (Exodus 24:18).
    • Exodus 32:6 – The word “play” may have a sexual connotation.
    • I Thessalonians 5:1-11; II Peter 3:10-11 – We aren’t told when Jesus is coming, but what is our job until that time?
  • Moses and strong, loving leadership
    • Great leadership in God’s eyes is taking a strong stand against sin.
    • Moses was willing to take the punishment for the people’s sin. Exodus 32:31-35
  • Aaron and weak leadership
    • Exodus 32:4 – Does “they” include Aaron?
    • Exodus 32:21-25 – Aaron just makes things worse with lies and excuses.
  • God’s compassion (Exodus 32:9-14)
    • The people took the blessings of God and used them wickedly. Isn’t that always what sin is?
    • Despite this great sin, God chose not to destroy them.
    • Nehemiah 9:17-21
    • I John 1:9
    • Romans 2:4

Exodus, Part 11

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 4, 2017

  • Exodus 25-31
  • The tabernacle and priests
    • Exodus 25:1-9
    • Exodus 31:1-6 – Bezalel and Oholiab were appointed by God to be the craftsmen to build the tabernacle. God endowed them with special knowledge.
    • The tabernacle and its coverings (Exodus 26:1-30; 36:8-34)
    • Veil and screen (Exodus 26:31-37; 36:35-38)
    • Court (Exodus 27:9-19; 38:9-20)
    • Ark of the covenant (Exodus 25:10-16; 37:1-5)
    • Mercy seat (Exodus 25:17-22; 37:6-9)
    • Altar of incense (Exodus 30:1-10, 34-38; 37:25-29)
    • Table of showbread (Exodus 25:23-30; 26:35; 37:10-16)
    • Golden lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40; 26:35; 27:20-21; 37:17-24)
    • Bronze altar (Exodus 27:1-8; 38:1-7)
    • Bronze laver (Exodus 30:17-21; 38:8)
  • Garments for priests (Exodus 28:1-43; 39:1-31)
    • Ephod (Exodus 28:6-14; 39:2-7)
    • Breastpiece (Exodus 28:15-30; 39:8-21)
    • Robe (Exodus 28:31-35; 39:22-26)
    • Turban (Exodus 28:36-38; 39:28, 30-31)
    • Tunic and sash (Exodus 28:39; 39:27, 29)
  • Consecration of the priests (Exodus 29:1-37)
    • Exodus 29:38-42 – Offerings to be made each day.
      • Hebrews 10:10-14 – The power of the sacrifice of Jesus – one sacrifice for all!
    • “That I may dwell among them” (Exodus 25:8)
      • Hebrews 8:1-6. See also Hebrews 9:11-12, 23-24

Exodus, Part 10

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 28, 2017

  • Exodus 21-24
  • The covenant is ratified (Exodus 24)
    • Ratifying the covenant
      • Moses recites all the laws; the people agree (Exodus 24:3)
      • Moses writes down all the laws – Exodus 20-23 (Exodus 24:3)
      • Offerings are made on a special altar (Exodus 24:4-5)
      • Moses uses the blood from the offerings
        • Half sprinkled on altar (Exodus 24:6)
        • Half sprinkled on people (Exodus 24:8)
      • Moses reads all the laws; they agree again (Exodus 24:7)
      • 74 representatives see God, then feast (Exodus 24:9-11)
    • The importance of blood in the process
      • Exodus 24:8
      • I Corinthians 11:25
      • Hebrews 9:18-23
      • The old covenant tabernacle is not a parallel to a modern church building. Instead the tabernacle is a parallel to the real temple that exists in heaven and was inaugurated by the blood of Jesus Himself.
    • The Promised Land (Exodus 23:20-33)
      • God was ready to bless them, but many lost faith in the promises. Let us not repeat their mistakes! Hebrews 3:16-19
    • Slavery (Exodus 21:2-11)
      • Slavery was a reality in Bible times. Sometimes, people found themselves destitute and their only option to repay debts was slavery.
      • Under the Old Covenant, God put a number of protections in place to protect slaves.
      • Leviticus 19:9-10
      • Deuteronomy 15:7-18
      • Slavery was to be a temporary condition that ended well for the slave.
      • Colossians 4:1
    • “A woman with child” (Exodus 21:22-25)
      • God’s laws here protect the life of the mother and unborn child.
      • God’s protection of the baby still in the womb shows that an unborn child was already considered a life.
    • Exodus 21:28 – Laws about a goring ox.
    • Exodus 23:19 – possibly an anti-Canaanite law?

Exodus, Part 9

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 14, 2017

  • Exodus 19-20
  • Sinai and the ten commandments:
    • Overview:
      • First 4: obligations to God
      • Last 6: obligations to other people
    • No other gods (Exodus 20:3)
    • No idols (Exodus 20:4-6)
      • All other religions used physical images.
      • See also Exodus 20:22-25.
    • Do not take God’s name in vain (Exodus 20:7)
      • See also Leviticus 19:12.
    • Observe the Sabbath day (Exodus 20:8-11)
      • Deuteronomy 5:15
      • Compare Hebrews 4:9. We work on Earth and at the end we receive rest.
      • Colossians 2:16-17 – the Sabbath is no longer commanded.
    • Honor your father and mother (Exodus 20:12)
      • Matthew 15:3-6
      • Ephesians 6:1
      • This is not just requiring obedience. You must obey and honor your parents.
    • You shall not murder (Exodus 20:13)
      • Exodus 21:12 – capital punishment
      • Numbers 35:15-34 – God distinguishes between accidental death, murder, and execution.
    • You shall not commit adultery (Exodus 20:14)
      • See also Leviticus 18, 20.
    • You shall not steal (Exodus 20:15)
    • You shall not bear false witness (Exodus 20:16)
    • You shall not covet (Exodus 20:17)
  • “You shall be my own possession” (Exodus 19:5-6)
    • Compare Galatians 3:7-14; Titus 2:14; I Peter 2:9
  • “The Lord came down on Mt. Sinai” (Exodus 19:20)
    • Compare Deuteronomy 5:22-29

Exodus, Part 8

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 7, 2017

  • Exodus 14-18
  • Exodus 14:10-12 – Israel was trying to transition from slavery to freedom at the hands of God. They were now personally involved in the conflict with Pharaoh.
  • Colossians 3:1-4
  • Hebrews 11:29
  • I Peter 5:6-7
  • Exodus 15:4 – Red Sea or Sea of Reeds?
    • Hebrew word is yam-sûf (סוּף)
    • Whatever yam-sûf was, it was deep and vast enough to kill the Egyptian army!
    • I Kings 9:26

Exodus, Part 7

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, April 30, 2017

  • Exodus 11-13
  • The Passover (Exodus 12:27)
    • Hebrews 11:27
Passover Feast & Lamb Jesus
Observed night of Exodus (Exodus 12:11-12) Observed night of arrest (Luke 22:7, 54)
Old Covenant memorial (Luke 22:14-15) New Covenant memorial (Luke 22:19-20)
Israel’s Passover (Exodus 12:47) Our Passover (I Corinthians 5:7)
Unblemished (Exodus 12:5) Unblemished (I Peter 1:19)
No bones broken (Exodus 12:46) No bones broken (John 19:36)
Saved by its blood (Exodus 12:13) Saved by His blood (Romans 5:9)
Must apply the blood (Exodus 12:22) Must apply His blood (Romans 6:3-4)

 

  • Plague #10: Death of the firstborn (Exodus 12:28-32)
    • Egyptian gods:
      • Pharaoh – son of Ra, incarnation of Horus
      • Pharaoh’s son – born of the gods
      • Anubis – god of death/embalming
      • Min – god of procreation/reproduction
      • Isis – associated with reproduction
      • Hathor – one of 7 deities who attended births
      • Apis bull – sacred, firstborn animal
    • This plague was catastrophic, touching even Pharaoh’s own family. Notice the difference between Exodus 5:2 and 12:31-32. God sent an unforgettable message: You have enslaved my firstborn; I have killed your firstborn (Exodus 4:22-23).
  • The Exodus (Exodus 12:33-51)
    • Moses led 600,000 men (Exodus 12:37; perhaps 2,000,000 people total) out of Egypt.
    • God holds the future in His hands! II Peter 3:10-11
  • How long were they in Egypt?
    • Exodus 12:40-41
    • Genesis 15:13-14
    • Acts 7:6
  • 430 years in Egypt? But what about this?
    • Math from genealogies (Exodus 6:16-20; I Chronicles 23:6-13)
      • This allows a maximum of 350 years)
    • Galatians 3:16-17
      • Promises to Abraham à leave Egypt, get law = 430 years
    • Other ancient sources
      • Septuagint
      • Samaritan Pentateuch
    • Possibly God counted the years of Abraham and his family in Canaan, which was 215 years. This would allow 215 years to be in Egypt.