Psalms, Part 7

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, September 3, 2017

  • Psalms 35-40
  • Psalms 37:25 – Sometimes the righteous are left destitute for reasons beyond their control. However, God has a plan to help those who find themselves in this position through the church. If we trust in God’s arrangements and carry out his commands, those in need will be provided for.
  • Psalms 40:6-8 – This is a Messianic prophecy. Hebrews 10:5-10 quotes this and applies it to Christ.

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, August 30, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • How women were regarded in Old Testament times
    • What changed going into the 1st century
  • This lesson
    • What changed going into the 1st century
    • How that contrasted with Jesus’ ministry
  • Rabbinical justification
    • What???
      • Rabbis were not mentioned in the Old Testament. It was not an office created by God.
      • Matthew 15:1-9
    • Sometimes scripture, sometimes “reasoning”
    • Examples
      • Psalms 45:13 – Interpretation: A woman’s place is in the home.
      • Deuteronomy 4:9 – Interpretation: Don’t teach your daughters the law.
      • Rabbi Jose ben Johanan – Don’t talk to women!
      • Rabbi Rabbah – Women are to stay at home.
      • Rabbi Erubin – Women are to be covered and shut up at home.
      • Women’s court in the temple
        • Women limited to only the women’s court in the temple.
    • Contrasting tradition with gospels and epistles
      • Women not relegated to the home
        • Workers in the home, yes – Titus 2:3-5
        • But no mandate to exclusivity – Acts 16:11-15, 40
      • Women present in much of Jesus’ ministry
        • Not part of the 12 or of the 70
        • Almost constantly present during His ministry
        • Never chided or degraded in New Testament writings
    • The woman at the well
      • John 4:1-45
      • Brings up rift between Jew and Samaritan
      • Jesus proves His perfect knowledge
      • She decides to use that knowledge
      • Leads her to the knowledge that Jesus is the Messiah
      • She takes the message to the village
    • More about women
      • Matthew 12:46-50
        • Women included
        • Could be disciples
      • Luke 7:36-50
    • Coming weeks
      • Social strata of Jerusalem
      • Religious sects
      • Temple
      • Priesthood

Psalms, Part 6

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 27, 2017

  • Psalms 30-36
  • Psalms 31:23 – “The Lord preserves the faithful.” This is still true today!
  • Psalms 32:1 – See Romans 4:4-8. The blessed man is the one who trusts not in his own works to save him, but has faith in God that is sufficient to cause him to obey God’s commandments.
  • Psalms 32:9 – See John 6:44-45.
  • Psalms 34:14 – See I Peter 3:10-12.
  • Psalms 34:15-18 – See I Peter 3:12.
  • Psalms 34:18 – See Isaiah 66:2.

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, August 23, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • Status of women in Old Testament times
      • Scriptural limitations
      • Roles filled by women
  • This lesson
    • How women were regarded in Old Testament times
    • What changed going into the 1st century
  • How women were considered in Old Testament times
    • Included in the covenant – Deuteronomy 29:9-12
    • Sources of wisdom – II Samuel 14:1-21
    • Wisdom personified as feminine – Proverbs 7:4; 8:1-6
    • Having great prudence – I Samuel 25:23-42
    • Wife is a very good find – Proverbs 19:L14; 18:22
  • How women considered – continued:
    • Life of a women on par with life of a man – Exodus 21:22-29
    • Books of Ruth, Esther, Song of Solomon
    • Book of Judith (uninspired)
      • Apocryphal book that tells the story of a rebel named Judith
  • Status of women in Old Testament
    • Marriages were arranged
      • Between father and prospective husband
      • Love was not a factor
      • Maintenance of tribal inheritance was
    • Emancipated widows free to seek their own
      • Ruth a good example
      • Wise woman of Tekoa presumably made choice
    • Beyond that, status was what she made of it
  • Cultural changes approaching 1st century
    • Encroachment of Hellenism throughout society
      • Embraced by some
      • Abhorred by others
      • Unavoidable by any
      • Numbness brought about by time
    • Gradual acceptance of cultural “norms”
      • Included many aspects of society
      • One change was women’s status
  • Effects of Hellenization on women
    • Neither seen nor heard
      • Harem system had roots in Hellenism
      • Woman’s place was in the home
      • Women not to be educated or to teach
      • Women to be “hidden” in public
    • Diminished legal standing
      • Could not testify in court
      • Disallowed from owning property

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 20, 2017

  • The primary argument against Bible classes is that there is no direct Biblical example for them. This is true, but examples are not the only way we learn what a church is authorized to do.
Authority General Specific Specific Expedient Addition
I Corinthians 11:24-25 (Lord’s Supper) Take His Supper Saint Container / hour (I Corinthians 14:16) Different supper / sinner
Genesis 6:4 Build Ark Noah How obtained / bound Different boat / builder
I Timothy 5:16 Relieve Widows indeed Local church Buy / rent Different widow / organization
Philippians 4:15-16 Collective support Teacher of the Word Local church Dollars / house Different teacher / organization
Acts 20:28; I Peter 5:2 Feed The flock among you Local church Gospel meeting / Bible classes Different flock / organization

The Kingdom

Posted by mark under Sermons

By David Watson

Benchley, August 20, 2017

  • Matthew 6:10
  • The kingdom is coming
    • Isaiah 9:1-7
      • Matthew 4:12-17
      • Luke 1:31-33
    • Daniel 2:31-45
  • The kingdom is at hand
    • Matthew 3:1-2; 4:17; 6:10; 10:7; 16:18-19, 28
    • Acts 1:6-8
  • Acts 2
    • Acts 2:1-4, 29-39
  • The kingdom is here now
    • Colossians 1:13-14 – Paul was in the kingdom!
    • Revelation 1:9 – John was part of the kingdom back then, so it must have already existed!
  • Why this matters
    • It helps us to not be carried away by false doctrines
      • “The kingdom is in the future.”
        • Revelation 20:1-7
      • “The kingdom came in 1914.”
        • Danuel 4:23-25
        • Nothing in Daniel 4 points to a larger fulfillment.
    • It reminds us to serve King Jesus now!
      • John 18:33-37

Psalms, Part 5

Posted by mark under Uncategorized

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, August 20, 2017

  • Psalms 22-28
  • Psalm 22:
    • John 8:28-29
    • John 16:31-32
    • Psalms 22:1 – It appeared to those around David (and later Jesus) that God had forsaken David (and Jesus). God had not in fact forsaken either one.
    • Psalms 22:7 – See Matthew 27:39
    • Psalms 22:9-11 – David had a lifetime trust in God.
    • Psalms 22:12-18 – These verses are definitely Messianic prophecies about Christ.
    • Psalms 22:31 – The last phrase is more properly translated, “It is finished.”
  • Psalms 23:3 – Our purpose in life is to live for His name’s sake.

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, August 16, 2017

[Many thanks to Larry Bunch for catching me up on the notes I missed for this lesson. -MRW]

  • Last lesson
    • Role of women in 1st century Jewish society
      • Start with status in Old Testament times
      • Finish next week
  • Question from last week:
    • Did Josephus mention demon possession?
    • Answer:
      • Yes
      • Antiquities chapters 2, 5, 8, 45-48
      • Wars of the Jews chapter 7.6.3
      • Bizarre references to a root “described” by Solomon
      • “Eyewitness” account
      • No mention with regard to Jesus or disciples
  • Status of women in Old Testament times
    • Women’s main purpose
      • Promulgate God’s blessing on Abraham
        • Genesis 22:15-19
        • Psalms 105:24
      • Continuing the family line – Deuteronomy 25:5-10
      • Shame of being barren – I Samuel 1:1-11
    • Limitations of women
      • Scriptural (Old Testament) limitations few
      • Innovative limitations were multitudinous
  • Range of women’s activities in Old Testament times
    • Shared in the teaching of their children – Proverbs 1:8
    • Performed chores outside home
      • Genesis 29:9-10
      • Exodus 2:16
    • Prophetess: Exodus 15:20-21; Numbers 12; Judges 4; 2 Kings 22:14-20
    • Judge over Israel: Judges 4
    • Shadow combatant: Judges 4, 9
  • Women’s Old Testament activities continued …
    • Commerce, real estate, etc. – Proverbs 31
    • Manual labor – Exodus 35:25; Ruth 2:7; I Samuel 8:13
    • Musicians in the tabernacle/temple – Psalms 68:25
    • Lead women in song of praise – Exodus 15:20-21
  • How women were considered in Old Testament times
    • Included in the covenant – Deuteronomy 29:9-12
    • Sources of wisdom – 2 Kings 22:14-20
    • Wisdom personified as feminine – Proverbs 7:4, 8
    • Having great prudence – I Samuel 25:23-42
    • Wife is a very good find – Proverbs 19:14; 18:22
    • Life of a women on par with life of a man – Exodus 21:22-29
  • Coming weeks
    • Comparing women in Old Testament times to 1st century
    • Social strata of Jerusalem
    • Religious sects
    • Temple
    • Priesthood

Mistakes of a Successful Man

Posted by mark under Sermons

Judges

Posted by mark under Sermons

By David Watson

Benchley, August 13, 2017

  • Judges 2:13-20 – Summary of the cycle of the judges.
  • Quick facts about the judges
    • The tribes were surrounded by enemies. Judges 1:27-3:5
      • Judges 2:20-3:5 – God used these enemies to punish the Israelites for sin.
    • The same cycle keeps repeating.
    • The judges were mainly military leaders. Deuteronomy 16:18-20; 17:8-13; Judges 4:4-5; 3:9-11
    • Depending on how you count, there were 12-18 judges.
    • The judges seem to be local leaders. Judges 4:10; 7:23ff; 12:1
    • The time periods of the judges may have overlapped.
      • About 114 years of total oppression
      • About 296 years of total rest
  • Lessons we need today
    • Always choosing the please myself is a terrible way to live!
      • Judges 3:5
      • Judges 17:6; 21:25; 17:7-13
      • Judges 19-20 – Benjamin defeated and nearly destroyed
      • James 3:13-18
    • God is willing to punish and forgive
      • Judges 6:1-14; 7-8 – Gideon defeats the Midianites.
      • God was willing to punish His people when they sinned. Hebrews 10:31
      • The cycle:
        • Judges 5:31b – Rest and peace
        • Judges 6:1 – Sin → oppression (Judges 6:2-5)
        • Judges 6:6-10 – Cries to God
        • Judges 6:11-14 – Judge to deliver
        • Repeat
      • God saw the horrible things in Judges and forgave.
      • God knows how to fix what is broken for everyone!
        • I John 4:14; I John 1:9