Archive for the ‘Classes’ Category

James, Part 2

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, December 17, 2017

  • James 1:12-27
  • James 1:12 – The context shows that the trials being referenced here are not those that come from outside, but from within. It is the conflict between the carnal man and the spiritual man.
  • James 1:14 – Compare Romans 7:14-25.
  • James 1:15 – Sin occurs when lust has conceived, and a person has decided to sin. Whether or not the sinful act is carried out, the person has already committed sin in his heart.
  • James 1:19 – See Ephesians 4:26.
  • James 1:25 – This verse by itself refutes the doctrine of salvation by faith only. We have to hear and then do God’s will to be acceptable to Him.

How to Use Your Bible, Part 7

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By David Watson

Benchley, December 13, 2017

  • Translation philosophy, continued:
    • Dynamic (thought-for-thought, functional equivalence), continued:
      • Attempts to retain the meaning of the text, including idioms
        • Amos 4:6 – “cleanness of teeth” (NASB)
        • Luke 15:20 – “fell on his neck” (KVJ, ASV, NKJV)
        • I Corinthians 9:16 – “necessity is laid upon me” (ASV, ESV, NKJV, KJV)
        • Luke 1:33 – “into the age” à “forever”
        • Psalms 17:8 – “pupil of your eye” (CSB)
        • I Timothy 5:22 – “laying on of hands” (NASB) vs “appointing a church leader” (NLT, CSB)
      • Language tends to be more readable and flow more naturally
        • Matthew 5:2
        • Hebrews 1:3
    • The best strategy is to compare several translations.
      • Top recommendations: NASB, ASV, ESV, NKJV, KJV
  • Context and harmony
    • Exodus 32:19 (ESV) – Moses “broke” all ten commandments at once! What does “broke” mean? Context means reading the surrounding verses to help you understand what a word or phrase means.
    • “Logos” in the NASB is translated ten or more different ways.
    • Galatians 6:10 – “let us do good to all people” – What kind of good is being talked about?

James, Part 1

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, December 10, 2017

  • Introduction
    • Some contend that Romans and James cannot be reconciled with each other. Martin Luther had this view and declared James to be “spurious.” These two books can be reconciled: Romans talks about who provides salvation and James talks about practical matters of faith.
    • It is not completely clear exactly who the intended audience is. It could possibly be directed to Jewish Christians living abroad (James 1:1). The book applies to all Christians, though. Romans 2:28-29
    • The book was written somewhere between 45 and 62 A.D.
  • James 1:5-8 – It does no good to pray if you don’t believe God can and will answer that prayer. That is a hypocritical prayer.
  • James 1:9-11 – All men are the same before God, regardless of their wealth.

How to Use Your Bible, Part 6

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By David Watson

Benchley, December 6, 2017

  • Translation philosophy, continued:
    • Paraphrases such as The Living Bible or The Message are dangerous to use for Bible study.
      • Compare I Timothy 3:4 and Titus 1:6.
    • Literal (word-for-word, formal equivalence)
      • Provides a window to original words chosen by the Holy Spirit
      • Communicates doctrinal points that may be based on single words
        • Matthew 22:42-46 (Psalm 110:1)
        • Galatians 3:16
        • Romans 13:4; Proverbs 13:24
        • I Timothy 2:12
      • Retains nuances and richness of meaning inherent in the original words
        • II Corinthians 5:7; Galatians 5:16
        • John 13:21
        • I Kings 2:10
        • Luke 22:31-35 (KVJ) – “thee” and “thou” are singular, “you” and “your” are plural
      • Aids study with more consistent translation of words
        • (Sophos, wise, in I Corinthians 1:19ff and 3:10ff)
      • Avoids modern gender-neutral trend
        • Sometimes the original words just mean person (Matthew 16:24).
        • Other times, the meaning is changed by removing the gender (Psalm 34:20).
        • Luke 17:3
        • Nahum 3:13
    • Dynamic (thought-for-thought, functional equivalence)
      • Attempts to retain the meaning of the text, including idioms
        • II Samuel 18:25
        • Amos 4:6

Psalms, Part 16

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, December 3, 2017

  • Psalms 132-150
  • Psalms 51:12-13 – This is the prescription for a successful teacher of God’s word.

How to Use Your Bible, Part 5

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By David Watson

Benchley, November 29, 2017

  • Inspiration and translation, continued:
    • Acts 22:16
    • What is the original meaning of the text?
      • II Peter 3:14-18 – If God wants each of us to just come up with his own interpretation, there would be no such thing as distorting God’s word, which Paul warns against here.
    • There is an ongoing need for translations.
      • Matthew 14:15 (KJV): “victuals”
      • II Corinthians 12:1
      • I Thessalonians 4:15
      • English changes over time.
        • Matthew 6:9-10 – original KVJ vs current KJV and ESV
  • Translation philosophy
    • No translation is inspired or perfect.
    • The pros and cons of different translation philosophies.
      • Word-for-word (formal equivalence or literal)
      • Thought-for-thought (functional equivalence, dynamic equivalence, or idiomatic)

Psalms, Part 15

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, November 26, 2017

  • Psalms 119-131
  • Psalms 119:104, 128 – If you love truth properly, you hate falsehood. It is not wrong to teach negatively. Jesus did more negative teaching than positive. Negative teaching is necessary to correct error.

Joseph of Arimathea

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By David Watson

Benchley, November 22, 2017

  • John 19:31-42
  • He used his money for good.
    • Matthew 27:57-60 – Joseph provided for a dignified burial for Jesus.
    • Matthew 19:23
    • There are many examples in the Bible of people using their wealth for good.
    • I John 3:17; Ephesians 4:28
  • He struggled with enormous peer pressure.
    • Mark 15:42-47
    • In general, the Sanhedrin was strongly against Jesus. Joseph was a prominent member of the counsel.
    • John 3:1-2 – Nicodemus was in a similar position.
    • John 19:38 – Joseph was secretly a disciple of Jesus.
    • John 12:42
    • Luke 23:51
    • I Peter 3:16-17; 4:3-5

Psalms, Part 14

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How to Use Your Bible, Part 4

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By David Watson

Benchley, November 15, 2017

  • Jeremiah 36:20-24
  • Digital Bibles
  • Inspiration and translation
    • Inspiration is verbal and plenary.
    • Verbal: God inspired the words themselves, taking into account the personality of the writer.
    • Plenary: The Bible is fully Every part of it is inspired.
      • II Samuel 23:2
      • Matthew 10:17-20
      • I Corinthians 2:10-13
      • I Thessalonians 2:13
      • II Timothy 3:14-17
      • I Peter 1:10-12
      • II Peter 1:20-21
      • Acts 2:39 – Peter didn’t fully understand the phrase “far off” here to mean Gentiles, even though he spoke the words. He wouldn’t totally understand this until Acts 10.
    • The Holy Spirit did His work with a personal touch.
    • There is a connection between inspiration and translation.
    • Specific wording is important in two places – inspiration and translation.