Archive for the ‘Classes’ Category

By David Watson

Benchley, January 17, 2018

  • Figures of speech, continued
    • When should we take a word or phrase figuratively? (continued)
      • When a literal understanding contradicts known facts or common sense
        • John 3:3
        • John 10:9 – Jesus obviously was not a physical door
        • Matthew 8:22; Luke 13:22
    • When should we NOT take a word or phrase figuratively?
      • When a literal understanding simply contradicts our beliefs
        • This is dishonest. We can’t say something is figurative simply because we don’t want to believe it.
    • Which is more accurate?
      • The Bible means what is says.
      • The Bible means what it means.
    • Simile
      • Psalms 1:3
      • I Peter 5:8
    • Metaphor
      • Matthew 7:15
      • Matthew 26:26, 28
      • Luke 13:32
      • John 2:19
      • John 3:3
      • John 6:35
      • John 8:12
      • John 10:7, 9, 11, 14
      • John 11:11
      • John 15:5
      • Ephesians 6:17
    • Anthropomorphisms
      • Genesis 8:21
      • Genesis 9:15
      • Exodus 31:18
      • Deuteronomy 11:12
      • Job 40:9
      • Psalms 130:2
      • Jeremiah 7:13
      • Hebrews 4:13
      • Genesis 6:5-7
    • Not-but (a Hebrew method of comparison, emphasizing one thing but not necessarily condemning the other)
      • Mark 2:17
      • Mark 9:37
      • John 6:27
      • I Corinthians 1:17
      • Philippians 2:4
      • I Timothy 1:9
      • I Timothy 2:12
      • II Timothy 1:9
      • Titus 3:5
      • James 5:12
      • I Peter 3:3-4
      • I John 3:18
    • Hyperbole
      • Deuteronomy 1:28
      • Mark 10:25
      • John 3:26
      • John 4:29
    • Parable
      • Matthew 13:3-8
      • Luke 15:3-7
      • Luke 15:8-10
      • Luke 15:11-32
    • Metonymy (refers to something indirectly by using a related noun)
      • Genesis 6:11
      • Matthew 3:5-6
      • Matthew 10:34
      • John 1:29
      • John 3:16
      • Romans 5:9
      • I Corinthians 7:1
      • I Corinthians 11:26
      • Galatians 6:12

James, Part 6

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, January 14, 2018

  • James 4:11-5:10
  • James 4:11 – See John 7:27. This is not a blanket prohibition on judging others. It is a prohibition on evil judgment (judging not by God’s standards). If we could not judge at all, we could not preach repentance to anyone because we could not judge any of their actions to be sinful.
  • James 4:13-16 – Leaving the Lord our of our plans and out of our life is arrogance and sin. We must instead humble ourselves.
  • James 4:17 – When you understand what God requires of you, but do not do it, it is sin.
  • James 5:1-8 – Compare I Timothy 6:10. The love of money is the beginning of many types of evil. Being wealth is not in itself sinful. The warnings here are against those who have misused their wealth and mistreated others.
  • James 5:7-8 – The “coming of the Lord” here could be referring to God coming in judgment against the rich men in James 5:1-6 – not about the Second Coming of the Lord. The first few verses of this chapter also seem to confirm this by indicating that punishment for these wicked wealthy men was already starting.
  • James 5:10 – See Hebrews 11:32-38.

By David Watson

Benchley, January 10, 2018

  • Context and harmony, continued:
    • Hebrews 13:4 – “Marriage is a holy institution. Any marriage is acceptable to God.”
      • Context – Hebrews 13:1-7 – The context itself forbids fornication and adultery.
      • Harmony – Matthew 19:5-9; Luke 16:18
      • Conclusion – It is possible for a marriage to not be approved by God. Adultery in particular is repeatedly denounced as sin. Marriage is always described as one man and one woman.
  • Figures of speech
    • What Jesus said (John 2:19-21) vs. what they heard (Mark 14:58; 15:29-30)
    • Exodus 5:22-23
    • Matthew 10:26 – “Take eat. This is my body.” Jesus was standing there with them, so it could not have been His actual body. Also, drinking blood was prohibited by the Law of Moses, so Jesus would have been encouraging them to break the law.
    • Dangers of figurative language
      • Taking figurative language literally.
      • Taking literal language figuratively.
    • Matthew 16:5-12
    • John 16:25
    • Psalms 23:4 – hyperbole
    • Mark 10:25
    • Understand a passage literally unless there is a good reason not to.
    • II Peter 2:22
    • When should we take a word or phrase figuratively?
      • When it is said to be figurative
        • Galatians 4:24
        • John 2:18-22
        • Revelation 1:20; 5:8
        • Acts 2:16-21; Matthew 4:12-17 – Old Testament figurative prophecy is often explained in the New Testament.
      • When a literal understanding contradicts another passage
        • Remember to harmonize!
        • Mark 1:5; Luke 7:29-30 – The lawyers and Pharisees had not been baptized by John, so we know that “all” in Mark 1:5 didn’t literally mean all, but “a lot” or “most.”
        • Luke 14:26; Ephesians 5:25; Matthew 5:44
      • When it matches a pattern of figurative language in other passages.
        • I Peter 3:33 – “not-but” passage
        • Genesis 17:1 – “walk” is figurative
        • Isaiah 9:2 – “light” is figurative

James, Part 5

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, January 7, 2018

  • James 3:7-4:11
  • James 3:17 – See Galatians 5:22-26.
  • James 4:5 – Compare Romans 6:16-18. The ESV and NASB make this verse clearer. God yearns for the spirit that He put within us. See also Exodus 20:25.

By David Watson

Benchley, January 3, 2018

  • Context and harmony, continued:
    • Practice using context and harmony together, continued:
      • John 14:26; 16:13 – Does the Holy Spirit miraculously guide people?
        • Context: Jesus and the apostles
        • Harmony: John 13:1; Luke 22:13-14; Matthew 26:19-21; Mark 14:16-18; Acts 8:14
        • Conclusion: Jesus was speaking directly to the apostles and specifically to them. This does not mean the Holy Spirit miraculously guides us today.
      • I Corinthians 1:17 – Is baptism necessary for salvation? Paul said Christ did not send him to baptize!
        • Context: Paul was discussing division that was coming from people being baptized by different people.
        • Harmony: I Corinthians 12:13; Acts 2:38; Romans 6:3-4; I Peter 3:21
        • Conclusion: Baptism is essential for salvation. Here, Paul was addressing a controversy that was springing up and causing division with people dividing over who baptized them. I Corinthians 10:17 is a not-but passage emphasizing preaching over baptism.
      • Ephesians 4:31 – Is all anger sinful?
        • Context: Ephesians 4:25-31 – All anger is not condemned.
        • Harmony: Mark 3:5; Psalms 97:10
        • Conclusion: No, all anger is not sinful. Jesus Himself expressed anger.
      • Luke 14:26 – Are we really supposed to hate our families?
        • Context: Luke 14:23-33 – Jesus is trying to get people to understand the depth of commitment required to follow Him.
        • Harmony: Matthew 22:39; 10:37
        • Conclusion: We are to love Christ the most. We should love Him so much that all other relationships look like hate in comparison.

James, Part 4

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How to Use Your Bible, Part 9

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James, Part 3

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, December 24, 2017

  • James 1:26-2:26
  • James 1:27 – This verse does not limit the local church from caring for orphans, but it does not authorize it either. What it does is authorize individuals to care for orphans and widows.
  • James 2:1 – You cannot hold faith in God in one hand and partiality in the other hand.
  • James 2:8 – If you really love your neighbor as yourself, you will not show partiality to people.
  • James 2:13 – This implies that judgment will be with mercy to one who has shown mercy.

How to Use Your Bible, Part 8

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By David Watson

Benchley, December 20, 2017

  • Context and harmony, continued:
    • Galatians 6:10 – “Let us do good to all people” here is referring to helping those caught in sin. The context does not mention benevolence. This is about individuals helping each other in spiritual work and helping to bear their load when they are struggling with sin.
    • Acts 2:4 – Who was filled with the Holy Spirit? If you follow the pronouns back to Acts 1:26, you can see it is referring to the apostles. Acts 2:14, 37, and 42-43 show that the people were responding to what the apostles were preaching. Acts 1:6, 8 shows that Jesus told them this exact thing would happen.
    • Jeremiah 29:11 – The context of this verse is a letter written to Jews in Babylonian captivity (Jeremiah 29:1-3). Verses 8-10 are a warning to not listen to all the false prophets. Verse 11 then encourages the people, saying that God had a plan for them for good (so don’t be drawn away by false prophets).
    • Philippians 4:13 – What are “all things”? The context is about Paul being content no matter his circumstances. Paul could be content in any circumstances through God’s strength.

James, Part 2

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By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, December 17, 2017

  • James 1:12-27
  • James 1:12 – The context shows that the trials being referenced here are not those that come from outside, but from within. It is the conflict between the carnal man and the spiritual man.
  • James 1:14 – Compare Romans 7:14-25.
  • James 1:15 – Sin occurs when lust has conceived, and a person has decided to sin. Whether or not the sinful act is carried out, the person has already committed sin in his heart.
  • James 1:19 – See Ephesians 4:26.
  • James 1:25 – This verse by itself refutes the doctrine of salvation by faith only. We have to hear and then do God’s will to be acceptable to Him.