Archive for the ‘Classes’ Category

Psalms, Part 1

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, July 23, 2017

  • Psalms 1-7
  • Psalms 1:1 – God has a law and He wants us to walk in it!
  • Psalms 1:6 – A godly man is one who respects God and His word. “Godly” is not the same as “god-like.”
  • Psalms 2:1-5, 8-10 – The rulers on earth generally rage against God.
  • Psalms 4:1 – We can have gladness even in times of persecution because we live in spiritual peace and safety.
  • Psalms 5:3 – This is the best and only right way to start our day!
  • Psalms 6:1 – Don’t let the hardships of life turn you against God.

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, July 19, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • Galilee
    • Samaritans
    • Temples
      • Gerizim
      • Elephantine
      • Heliopolis
    • End of rule for John Hyrcanus
    • Treacheries of Aristobulus
  • This lesson
    • Results of Aristobulus’ rule
    • Profane rule of Jannaeus
    • Last of the Hasmoneans
    • First of the Herodians
  • John Hyrcanus designates wife as heir
    • As ruler, not as priest
    • He dies in 104 BC
    • Son (Aristobulus) imprisons her and 3 brothers
  • Aristobulus now rules
    • Declares himself as both priest and king
    • Conquers the rest of Galilee and Iturea
    • Dies of illness after one year
  • Wife of Aristobulus nicer than husband
  • Jannaeus now high priest and king
    • Marries brother’s widow, Alexandra
      • Deuteronomy 25:5
      • Matthew 22:23-33
    • Spent younger years in Galilee
    • Vigorous military campaigns
      • Gained much territory
      • Lost same within several years
    • Persecuted Pharisees
    • Mocked the feasts
  • Civil war
    • Pharisees vs Sadducees, Hasmoneans
    • 50,000 killed in six years
    • Pharisees appeal to Seleucids for help
      • Eventually dump foreign tyrants for native tyrant
      • Jannaeus dies in 76 BC
      • Queen Salome Alexandra takes throne
  • Queen Alexandra
    • Establishes Sanhedrin
      • Rabbinical council
      • Religious legislative powers
      • Judicial authority
    • Strengthens Judean army
    • Appoints son, John Hyrcanus II, as high priest
    • She dies in 67 BC
    • Son takes throne
  • John Hyrcanus II takes the throne
    • Aristobulus II goes to war
      • “Fight” at Jericho
      • Siege at Jerusalem
      • Hyrcanus surrenders with terms
    • Antipater the Idumean
      • Well-heeled noble from Idumea
      • Skilled politician and diplomat
    • Veteran governor of Idumea under Hasmoneans
    • Sees Hyrcanus as weak and pliable
  • Plots to replace Aristobulus
    • Places Hyrcanus with Nabateans
    • Makes promises for support
  • Siege of Jerusalem
    • Nabateans take 50,000 troops
    • They commit two serious offenses
  • Race for Roman support
    • General Scaurus is completing conquest in Syria
    • Both brothers try to bribe him
    • Initial call is in favor of Aristobulus
  • Pompey comes to town
    • More bribes
    • Pompey ignores bribes
    • Considers annexation of Judea instead
  • Caesar and Pompey contend for rule
    • Caesar wins, Antipater supports him
    • Antipater appointed governor of Judea
    • Hyrcanus appointed high priest, tetrarch
  • Coming weeks
    • Herodian Dynasty
    • Role of women in Jewish society
    • Social strata of Jerusalem
    • Religious sects
    • Purification
    • Laws of the Sabbath

Exodus, Part 15

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, July 16, 2017

  • The legacy of Exodus
    • Deliverance/freedom
      • God is able to deliver His people from slavery.
      • Leviticus 26:13; Judges 6:7-10; Leviticus 11:45; Isaiah 48:20-21; Jeremiah 16:14-15; Psalms 77:20
      • John 8:31-34 – Jesus delivers us from slavery to sin, just as God delivered the Israelites from physical slavery.
    • Provisions
      • God provides for the needs of His people.
      • Psalms 78:24-25; John 6:31-35
      • Nor reading your Bible is like failing to pick up manna from Heaven!
    • Lack of faith
      • Despite God’s blessings, His people tend to turn their backs on Him.
      • I Samuel 10:17-19
      • Psalm 78:42-53; 81:10-16; I Corinthians 10:1-7
      • Hebrews 10:28-29
    • Law
      • God’s law is a blessing for His people.
      • Romans 3:1-2
      • Jeremiah 31:31-34
    • Power and glory of God
      • God’s mighty hand in Egypt displayed His power and made a name for Himself.
      • I Samuel 6:6; Psalms 105:26-45; Isaiah 63:12; Romans 9:17
    • Tabernacle
      • The tabernacle Moses built is but a shadow of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched.
      • Hebrews 8:1-6; 9:1-12
      • Acts 7:35-44

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, July 12, 2017

  • Last lesson:
    • Simon
    • John Hyrcanus
    • Expansion of Judea
    • Doctrine of proselytizing
  • Effects of expansion
    • Observance of law vs. proselytizing
    • Hellenized cities vs. Easternized
    • Idumea
      • Mass forced conversion
      • Defections
      • Conversion not necessarily assimilation
    • Galilee
      • Hick town north of Samaria
      • Barriers to interaction
  • Who were the Samaritans?
    • Occupiers of northern kingdom of Israel
      • Other nations that had been deported
      • Deported yet again – to Samaria ~ 700 BC
    • Perplexed at problems
      • Attacked by wild animals
      • Wanted to appease “god of this land”
  • The fix
    • Assyrian king sends a priest
      • Good choice?
      • Did he teach them well?
    • Initial results
      • “Feared God”
      • Kept high places
      • Jehovah treated as just another god
  • Samaria often refuge for renegades
    • Priest named Manasseh (409 BC – Nehemiah 13:28)
    • Builds temple
  • Samaritans begin abandoning other gods
  • Doctor scripture to reflect their “reality”
  • Progress of Samaritan “Jewishness”
  • Destruction of temple at Mt. Gerizim
  • Continued use of Mt. Gerizim
  • Speaking of temples
    • Temple at Elephantine
    • Temple at Heliopolis
  • Justification
    • Isaiah 19:19
    • Does this work?
    • Highlights problems of interpretation
  • What happened to them?
  • John Hyrcanus designates wife as heir
    • As ruler, not as priest
    • He dies in 104, son imprisons her
  • Aristobulus now rules
    • Declares himself as both priest and king
    • Conquers the rest of Galilee and Iturea
    • Imprisons his three brothers
    • Dies of illness after one year
  • Wife of Aristobulus nicer than husband
  • Jannaeus now high priest and king
    • Marries brother’s widow, Alexandra
    • Spent younger years in Galilee
    • Vigorous military campaigns
      • Gained much territory
      • Lost same within several years
    • Persecuted Pharisees
    • Mocked the feasts
  • Civil war
    • Pharisees vs. Sadducees, Hasmoneans
    • 50,000 killed in six years
    • Pharisees appeal to Seleucids for help
      • Jannaeus dies in 76 BC
      • Queen Salome Alexandra takes throne
      • She sides with Pharisees
      • Pharisees dump foreign tyrants for native tyrant
  • Queen Alexandra
    • Establishes Sanhedrin
      • Rabbinical council
      • Religious legislative powers
      • Judicial authority
    • Strengthens Judean army
    • Appoints son, John Hurcanus II, as high priest
    • She dies in 67 BC
    • Son takes throne
  • Coming weeks
    • Fall of Hasmonean Dynasty
    • Roman intrigue, dominance
    • Beginning of the Herodian Dynasty
    • The role of women in Jewish society
    • The social strata of Jerusalem
    • Unclean, unwhole
    • The Sabbath and its laws
  • Homework!
    • Read:
      • Matthew 2:1-22
      • Mark 3:6
      • Luke 3:1, 19-20; 8:1-2; 9:1-9; 13:31-32; 23:6-12
      • Mark 6:7-29; 8:15; 12:13
      • Acts 12:1-23

II Peter 2:1-22

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, July 9, 2017

  • II Peter 2:1-22
  • II Peter 2:4-10 – Jude mentions three categories of men who sinned (Jude 1:5-7). Peter here mentions a similar set of people who are reserved for judgment. This passage is talking about examples of men who are reserved for judgment.
    • Angels and messengers:
      • Matthew 1:24
      • Matthew 25:41
      • II Corinthians 12:7
      • II Corinthians 11:13-15
      • Matthew 11:10
      • Mark 1:1
      • Luke 7:24, 27 – John
      • Luke 9:52 – Jesus’ messengers
      • James 2:25 – two spies
    • Context must determine the meaning of the word “angels”
  • II Peter 2:9 – I Corinthians 10:13
  • II Peter 2:21 – We are not told exactly how it will be worse for those who have known God and then turned away. Will it be worse at Judgment? Worse while on Earth?

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, July 5, 2017

  • Last lesson
    • Men of action: the Maccabees
      • Revolt against Menelaus
      • Revolt against Seleucids
      • Purification and rededication of the temple
      • Establishment of Hasmonean Dynasty
  • This lesson
    • More on the Hasmonean Dynasty
      • Expansion of Judea
      • Doctrine of proselytizing
      • Position of Galilee
      • John Hyrcanus
      • Aristobulus
      • Jannaeus
      • Civil war
  • Hasmonean Dynasty established
    • Irony of change in philosophy
    • Outcropping of “schisms”
    • Motivation of priestly service corrupted – again
  • Simon ratified as high priest
    • Not a foreign appointment
    • Onias III, IV, etc.
    • Priests and elders agree
    • Hasmonean Dynasty begins in 140 BC
  • Hasmonean embassy in Rome – 159 BC
  • New king in Antioch – 158 BC
    • Demands Judea return to original borders
    • Simon refuses
    • Another war
  • Seleucid-instigated coup attempt
    • Simon and two sons assassinated
    • Third son (John Hyrcanus) escapes
  • John Hyrcanus new high priest
    • Offers troops to Antiochus VII
    • Antiochus VII besieges Jerusalem
    • Imposes new status on Judea
    • Antiochus VII killed in battle vs Parthians
  • Balance of John Hyrcanus’ rule
    • Seleucid empire in disarray
      • Multiple attempts at taking throne
      • All anti-Jewish actions interrupted
      • Empire shrinks
    • Judea again widens its borders
  • Effects of expansion
    • Observance of law vs proselytizing
      • Exodus 12:48
      • Leviticus 24:22
      • Isaiah 2:1-4; Micah 4:1-3 – Some thought these prophecies meant they should go out and make Jews of the people that were brought into Judea. Proselytizing was not permitted under the Old Law. These verses were talking about the coming of Jesus.
      • Acts 2:8-12
      • Acts 8:27 – The Ethiopian eunuch was probably a proselyte.
      • Matthew 23:15
    • Hellenized cities vs Easternized
    • Idumea
      • Mass forced conversion
      • Defections
      • Conversion not necessarily assimilation

Exodus, Part 14

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, July 2, 2017

  • Exodus 35-40
  • Constructing the tabernacle
    • Construction timeline
Year 1, Month 1, Day 14 Ate first passover Exodus 12:6
Year 1, Month 1, Day 15 Firstborn die at midnight; Israel ordered to leave Exodus 12:29-32
Year 1, Month 3 Came into wilderness of Sinai Exodus 19:1
God on Mt. Sinai, making covenant Exodus 19-23
Moses on Mt. Sinai 40 days Exodus 24:18
Golden calf Exodus 32
Moses on Mt. Sinai 40 days (again) Exodus 34:28
Tabernacles/priestly garments made Exodus 36-39
Year 2, Month 1, Day 1 Tabernacle erected Exodus 40:2, 17

 

  • Contribution for the tabernacle
    • Exodus 35
    • More than enough material was collected (Exodus 36:6-7)
    • I Timothy 6:17-19 – Don’t trust in riches, but use them properly.
  • “Just as the Lord had commanded” (Exodus 39:43)
    • Exodus 39:32-43
  • The cloud covered the tent of meeting (Exodus 40:34-38)
    • Exodus 40:1-15 – God tells Moses how to set everything up.
    • Exodus 40:17-33 – Moses sets everything up.
    • Exodus 40:34-38 – God’s presence fills the tabernacle.

 

II Peter 1:1-21

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, June 28, 2017

  • II Peter 1:1-21
  • II Peter 1:5 – Faith is the starting point! All of these attributes mean nothing as far as salvation is concerned if they are not built on faith.
  • II Peter 1:6 – Self-control (temperance): abstinence from things that are sinful, excellence in things that are right, and moderation in things that are indifferent.
  • II Peter 1:8 – If we are barren or unfruitful in the service of God, it is because we have not added these things.
  • II Peter 1:11 – No one will get into heaven by the skin of their teeth. If we get in at all, it will be an abundant entrance.
  • II Peter 1:12 – We must do the same: continue to encourage and remind others of these things.
  • II Peter 1:19 – The phrase “when the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts) could mean when people come to believe and obey Jesus.
  • II Peter 1:20 – Many confuse this verse and think it says that no scripture is a matter of personal interpretation. Instead, it says that prophecy is not of personal interpretation, i.e., the giving of the gospel. Prophecy comes from God and we look to Him for interpretation.

Exodus, Part 13

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 25, 2017

  • Exodus 33-34
  • Exodus 34:6-7 – God is loving and just.
  • Exodus 33:3-6, 12-17; 34:8-9 – God refuses to be present with the people. Moses intercedes and God relents.
  • I Peter 2:9-12
  • I Thessalonians 4:17-18
  • Exodus 34:29-35 – Moses’ face shone after speaking with God. The New Covenant is even more glorious! II Corinthians 3:7-18
Old Covenant New Covenant
Ministry of death Ministry of the Spirit
Ministry of condemnation Ministry of righteousness
Fades away Remains
Glory: Moses’ shining face Even more glory!

 

  • Exodus 33:7-11 – God spoke to Moses as a man speaks to a friend.
  • Exodus 33:18-23 – Moses asks to see the glory of God. God allows him to see His glory but not His face.
    • John 1:18
    • I Timothy 1:17
    • I Timothy 6:16
    • I John 4:12
    • Exodus 33:11
    • Numbers 12:8
    • Deuteronomy 34:10
    • When Jesus comes, we will be changed and be like Him! I John 3:2
  • The covenant renewed (Exodus 34:10-28)
  • He wrote on the tablets (Exodus 34:28)
    • First two tablets: God provided tablets (Exodus 24:12), God wrote on tablets (Exodus 31:18)
    • Second two tablets: Moses cut tablets (Exodus 34:1), God wrote on tablets (Exodus 34:28; Deuteronomy 10:4)

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, June 21, 2017

  • Last lesson: rule of the Seleucids
    • Who was Antiochus IV?
    • Meddling with the priesthood
    • Ambition in Egypt
    • Roman intervention
    • Zadokite revolt – Ezekiel 44:15; 40:46; 43:19; 48:19
    • Antiochus’ revenge
    • Abomination of desolation
  • This lesson
    • Men of action: the Maccabees
    • Revolt against Menelaus
    • Revolt against Seleucids
    • Establishment of Hasmonean Dynasty
    • Purification and rededication of the temple
    • Enter Rome
    • Herodian Dynasty emerges
  • Taking action: Mattathias
    • Daniel 11:28
    • Priestly descent
    • “New order” spreads to villages
    • Ordered by Seleucid officer to sacrifice to Jupiter
    • By actions, started a revolt
    • Became known as Maccabees – “Hammer”
  • Judas begins guerilla campaign
    • Light, maneuverable
    • Use of terrain to advantage
  • Antiochus fails to take seriously
    • Sends “practice” generals to get experience
    • Users better generals on major campaigns
  • Maccabees regain Jerusalem 165 BC
  • Purified and rededicated temple
    • Not enough kosher oil for menorah
      • Leviticus 24:1
    • Single day’s vial said to have lasted nine days
  • Hasmonean woes not over
    • Antiochus IV dies in Parthia in 164 BC
    • Demetrius (rightful heir) hostage in Rome
    • Antiochus V Eupator takes throne at age 9
  • Maccabeans allow Menelaus to stay
    • Continues as high priest
    • Runs temple, Judea, and collects taxes for Syria
  • Lysias rules Syria for Antiochus V
    • Returns to Jerusalem in 163 BC
    • Executes Menelaus
    • Appoints Alcimus as high priest
    • Learns of trouble in Antioch
  • Lysias makes hasty treaty
    • Grants status under Antiochus III
    • Immediately violates terms of treaty
  • Judas Maccabees consolidates gains
    • Institutes internal reforms
    • Makes alliance with Rome
    • Tried to remove Alcimus from high priesthood
  • Lysias returns
    • Judah and John killed in battles in 160 BC
    • Jonathon takes command of Hasmoneans
    • Alcimus still high priest
  • Demetrius escapes Rome
    • Accepted in Antioch as true king
    • Has Antiochus V and Lysias executed
    • Does not replace Alcimus when he dies in 159
  • New general in town
    • Bacchides replaces Lysias
    • Remembers previous three generals
    • Makes treaty with Jonathon
  • Jonathon appointed high priest – 153 BC
  • Enter Alexander Balas
    • Claimed to be heir to the throne
    • Jonathon allied with him
    • Alexander Balas wins
  • Hasmonean expansion
    • Edom
    • Samaria
    • Moab
    • Galilee
  • Trouble in Antioch
    • Battle for throne
    • Impact on Judea