Archive for the ‘Classes’ Category

Exodus, Part 12

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 18, 2017

  • Exodus 32
  • Exodus 32:1-8 – The people and instant gratification
    • Moses was on the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights (Exodus 24:18).
    • Exodus 32:6 – The word “play” may have a sexual connotation.
    • I Thessalonians 5:1-11; II Peter 3:10-11 – We aren’t told when Jesus is coming, but what is our job until that time?
  • Moses and strong, loving leadership
    • Great leadership in God’s eyes is taking a strong stand against sin.
    • Moses was willing to take the punishment for the people’s sin. Exodus 32:31-35
  • Aaron and weak leadership
    • Exodus 32:4 – Does “they” include Aaron?
    • Exodus 32:21-25 – Aaron just makes things worse with lies and excuses.
  • God’s compassion (Exodus 32:9-14)
    • The people took the blessings of God and used them wickedly. Isn’t that always what sin is?
    • Despite this great sin, God chose not to destroy them.
    • Nehemiah 9:17-21
    • I John 1:9
    • Romans 2:4

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, June 14, 2017

  • Review
    • Influence of the Persians
      • Exile to Alexander
      • Peace to minor persecution
    • Alexander’s conquest
      • Peaceful transition in Judea
      • Jewish influence on Alexander’s empire
    • Egyptian (Ptolemean) rule
      • Harsh to peaceful
      • Promotion of Jewish talents
      • Movements of Jews through empire
    • This lesson: rule of the Seleucids
      • Who was Antiochus IV?
      • Meddling with the priesthood
      • Ambition in Egypt
      • Roman intervention
      • Zadokite revolt
      • Antiochus’ revenge
      • Abomination of desolation
    • Seleucid takeover
      • Started in 204 BC
      • Peaceful at first
      • Changed under Antiochus Epiphanes
        • Serious persecution of the Jews
        • Defiled the temple
        • Forced Hellenization
        • Sets up the revolt
    • Antiochus Epiphanes (Antiochus IV)
      • “Epiphanes” translates “visible god”
      • Usurped the throne (178-164 BC)
        • Murdered his nephew, the rightful heir to the throne
    • Antiochus assumes throne
      • Begins his mission
      • Makes deals within the high priesthood
    • Co-opting the priesthood
      • Onias to Jason (174 BC)
      • Jason to Menelaus
      • The physical price
        • Some gold of the temple sold off to pay the bribe
    • Antiochus moves on Egypt
      • Takes all but Alexandria
      • Takes Cypress
      • Revisits two years later – 168 BC
        • Roman interference
        • Jason takes back Jerusalem
        • Antiochus returns to Damascus via Jerusalem
    • Antiochus accelerates Hellenization
      • All Jewish religious activity forbidden
        • Observances punishable by death
        • Menelaus reinstated as high priest
          • Wants the right to collect taxes. Was not concerned about Jewish laws or serving God.
          • Put to death those who broke the anti-religious laws he put in effect.
          • Sold people into slavery who could not pay taxes.
        • Desecrates temple
          • Constructed gymnasium (participants required to be nude, all people required to visit at least once)
          • Built statue to Zeus and sacrificed pigs
    • Nation divided
      • Hellenized Jews
        • Now in charge
        • Enforce new rules
      • Faithful Jews
        • Flee to the hills, caves
        • Carry on in the faith
    • Jerusalem in 168 BC
      • No more temple worship for the faithful
      • Newborn males no longer presented there
      • Passover not kept
      • Sabbath is disregarded
    • Jesus and John
      • What would calls to repent involve?
        • Daniel 11:28-32
    • Next lesson:
      • Men of action: the Maccabees
        • Revolt against Menelaus
        • Revolt against Seleucids
        • Establishment of Hasmonean Dynasty
        • Purification and rededication of the temple
      • Enter Rome
      • Herodian Dynasty emerges

That’s Not Fair

Posted by mark under Classes

By Scott L. Lasater

Benchley, June 11, 2017

  • Genesis 1:1-31 – Creation
  • Genesis 4:1-12 – Cain and Abel
    • I John 3:12
  • Genesis 6:1-22 – Noah
  • Genesis 11:1-9 – The tower of Babel
  • Genesis 19:14-26 – Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Genesis 25:27-34; 27:30-36 – Jacob and Esau
  • Jacob, Rachel, and Leah
  • Jacob and Esau meet again – Genesis 33:1-4
  • Genesis 34 – Dinah

By Ed Whitt

Benchley, June 7, 2017

  • FOCUS ON THE FIRST CENTURY
  • HISTORY, SOCIETY, RELIGION
  • OVERVIEW
    • External Influences from History
      • Persians and Greeks and Romans, Oh No!
      • Ptolomeans, Seleucids, and Idumaeans, Too!
    • Maccabean Revolt
      • Hasmonean Dynasty
      • High Priesthood and the Temple(s)
      • Herodian Dynasty
    • FIRST CENTURY FOCUS
    • Jewish Society
      • Politics
      • Religious Sects, Beliefs, and Worship
      • Views of the Messiah
      • Role of Women
      • The Diaspora
    • Some Examples of Cultural Understanding
      • Samaritans
      • Tax Collectors
      • Women
      • Gentiles
      • Religious Sects
      • Many Etceteras
    • WHY?
      • Appreciation
      • Understanding
      • Impact
    • EXTERNAL INFLUENCES FROM HISTORY
      • Main External Influences
        • Persian Influence
        • Greek Influence
        • Roman Influence
      • Timeline From Captivity to Greek Conquest
    • A NOTE ABOUT ZOROASTRIANISM
    • Nature of Zoroastrianism
      • Dating Zarathustra
        • Authenticating Zarathustra
        • Chicken or Egg Problem for Anthropologists
        • Swings on Dates
      • Similarities Die with Most “Ancient” Manuscripts
      • Manuscripts Differ Widely and According to Tradition
      • Conclusion
    • PERSIAN STRENGTH
      • Cyrus Defeats Babylon – 539 BC
      • Sends Jews to Rebuild Temple – 538 BC
      • More Return With Ezra – 457 BC
      • Judea Enjoys Peace Under Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes
      • Artaxerxes III Heavy Handedness
    • FINAL PROPHETIC WRITINGS ABOUT 415 BC
      • Malachi is Last Written Prophet
      • Greek Culture and Influence on the Rise
    • SPARTA AND PERSIA (386 BC)
      • Peace Between Sparta and Persia
      • Sparta Forces Other Greek States to Follow
      • Sparta and the Athenian League
      • Make Peace Among the Greek City States (371 BC)
      • Now Free to Spread Stronger Influence
    • PHILLIP OF MACEDONIA
      • Takes the Throne (359-336 BC)
      • Makes War Against the Greek City States
    • ALEXANDER THE GREAT
      • Phillip’s Son Takes the Throne (336-323 BC)
      • Continues His Father’s Quest
      • Conquers as Far as India
      • Conquered Persia (Incl Palestine) 331 BC
    • ALEXANDER AND JUDEA
      • Josephus Antiquities, XI
      • Daniel 8:20-22
      • Friendliness to Jews as Result
    • DEATH OF ALEXANDER 323 BC
      • Kingdom Splits
      • Period of Peace
    • THE INHERITANTS RULE
      • Four Horns of Daniel 8:20-22
      • Ptolemy Soter, Lysimachus, Cassander, and Selenus
    • PTOLEMEAN RULE – 323 to 204 BC
      • Empire Centered in Egypt
      • Soter Goes Harsh to Kind
      • Philadelphus Follows Suit
        • Extensive Public Works
        • Many Jews Work in his Administrative Offices and Armies
        • OT Translated into Greek – Septuagint
      • Philopater’s Approach to the Temple
      • Persecution of the Jews
      • Succession of Epiphanes, subsequent defeat
    • NEXT WEEK
      • Rule of the Seleucids
      • Maccabean Revolt
      • Effect on Priesthood
      • Effect on Governance
      • Hasmonean Dynasty
      • Roman Annexation
      • Herodian Dynasty
    • Homework – Edom
      • Genesis 32-33
      • Numbers 20:14-21
      • Deuteronomy 2
      • 1 Samuel 14:47
      • 2 Samuel 8:1-14
      • 1 Kings 9:26
      • 2 Kings 14:1-7
      • 2 Chronicles 20:1-23; 25:14-28
      • Isaiah 34:5-8; 63:1-6
      • Jeremiah 49:7-22

Exodus, Part 11

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, June 4, 2017

  • Exodus 25-31
  • The tabernacle and priests
    • Exodus 25:1-9
    • Exodus 31:1-6 – Bezalel and Oholiab were appointed by God to be the craftsmen to build the tabernacle. God endowed them with special knowledge.
    • The tabernacle and its coverings (Exodus 26:1-30; 36:8-34)
    • Veil and screen (Exodus 26:31-37; 36:35-38)
    • Court (Exodus 27:9-19; 38:9-20)
    • Ark of the covenant (Exodus 25:10-16; 37:1-5)
    • Mercy seat (Exodus 25:17-22; 37:6-9)
    • Altar of incense (Exodus 30:1-10, 34-38; 37:25-29)
    • Table of showbread (Exodus 25:23-30; 26:35; 37:10-16)
    • Golden lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40; 26:35; 27:20-21; 37:17-24)
    • Bronze altar (Exodus 27:1-8; 38:1-7)
    • Bronze laver (Exodus 30:17-21; 38:8)
  • Garments for priests (Exodus 28:1-43; 39:1-31)
    • Ephod (Exodus 28:6-14; 39:2-7)
    • Breastpiece (Exodus 28:15-30; 39:8-21)
    • Robe (Exodus 28:31-35; 39:22-26)
    • Turban (Exodus 28:36-38; 39:28, 30-31)
    • Tunic and sash (Exodus 28:39; 39:27, 29)
  • Consecration of the priests (Exodus 29:1-37)
    • Exodus 29:38-42 – Offerings to be made each day.
      • Hebrews 10:10-14 – The power of the sacrifice of Jesus – one sacrifice for all!
    • “That I may dwell among them” (Exodus 25:8)
      • Hebrews 8:1-6. See also Hebrews 9:11-12, 23-24

II Corinthians, Part 16

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, May 31, 2017

  • II Corinthians 13:1-14
  • II Corinthians 13:8 – See Matthew 5:16.
  • II Corinthians 13:9 – See Romans 9:1-2.
  • II Corinthians 13:10 – Paul hoped that they would correct the things he had rebuked them for so that he would not need to be harsh with them when he returned.

Exodus, Part 10

Posted by mark under Classes

By David Watson

Benchley, May 28, 2017

  • Exodus 21-24
  • The covenant is ratified (Exodus 24)
    • Ratifying the covenant
      • Moses recites all the laws; the people agree (Exodus 24:3)
      • Moses writes down all the laws – Exodus 20-23 (Exodus 24:3)
      • Offerings are made on a special altar (Exodus 24:4-5)
      • Moses uses the blood from the offerings
        • Half sprinkled on altar (Exodus 24:6)
        • Half sprinkled on people (Exodus 24:8)
      • Moses reads all the laws; they agree again (Exodus 24:7)
      • 74 representatives see God, then feast (Exodus 24:9-11)
    • The importance of blood in the process
      • Exodus 24:8
      • I Corinthians 11:25
      • Hebrews 9:18-23
      • The old covenant tabernacle is not a parallel to a modern church building. Instead the tabernacle is a parallel to the real temple that exists in heaven and was inaugurated by the blood of Jesus Himself.
    • The Promised Land (Exodus 23:20-33)
      • God was ready to bless them, but many lost faith in the promises. Let us not repeat their mistakes! Hebrews 3:16-19
    • Slavery (Exodus 21:2-11)
      • Slavery was a reality in Bible times. Sometimes, people found themselves destitute and their only option to repay debts was slavery.
      • Under the Old Covenant, God put a number of protections in place to protect slaves.
      • Leviticus 19:9-10
      • Deuteronomy 15:7-18
      • Slavery was to be a temporary condition that ended well for the slave.
      • Colossians 4:1
    • “A woman with child” (Exodus 21:22-25)
      • God’s laws here protect the life of the mother and unborn child.
      • God’s protection of the baby still in the womb shows that an unborn child was already considered a life.
    • Exodus 21:28 – Laws about a goring ox.
    • Exodus 23:19 – possibly an anti-Canaanite law?

II Corinthians, Part 15

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, May 24, 2017

  • II Corinthians 12:1-21
  • II Corinthians 12:7 – It’s not known exactly what this “thorn in the flesh” was. Whatever it was, it was specifically given to Paul to keep him from exalting himself.
  • II Corinthians 12:10 – When man recognizes his nothingness and God’s power, then he is strong.
  • II Corinthians 12:21 – If they had not repented by the time Paul arrived, he was threatening to be bold in his rebuke of them.

I Peter 3:1-20

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, May 21, 2017

  • I Peter 3:1-20
  • I Peter 3:1-2 – “In the same way” here points back to I Peter 2:21-25, referring to how Jesus died so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. Wives should likewise die to sin and live to righteousness, not only for their own benefit, but also to be a good influence on their husbands.
  • I Peter 3:6 – Women can be metaphorical children of Sarah if they follow her example in living righteously.
  • I Peter 3:7 – Paul is not saying that women are weaker – just that husbands should treat them with love and care as though they are weaker.
  • I Peter 3:10-12 – Compare I Peter 2:24.
  • I Peter 3:18-20 – Christ taught people who were in a prison of sin, just like Noah did in his time.

II Corinthians, Part 14

Posted by mark under Classes

By Jesse Jenkins

Benchley, May 17, 2017

  • II Corinthians 11:8-33
  • II Corinthians 11:8-9 – Notice that Paul’s example here shows churches sending money to him directly. This is an important pattern because it allows the church that is sending the money to maintain control of it. If other churches had sent money to the Corinthian church to support Paul, they would have ceded control of the money, which breeds all sorts of problems and breaks the autonomy that should exist between local churches.
  • II Corinthians 11:19 – Paul is being sarcastic here. Gladly tolerating the foolish certainly doesn’t make anyone wise!