By Ed Whitt

Benchley, February 27, 2019

  • The apostle Peter
    • Fisherman to fisher of men
      • John 1:35-42
      • Matthew 4:18-20 – start of the process
    • Hot and cold
      • Mark 8:31-33
      • John 13:6-9
      • John 13:31-38; Matthew 26:74-75, 57-58
      • First gospel sermons in Acts 2 and Acts 3
      • Withstood persecution of the council – Acts 4:1-31
      • Influences others into hypocrisy – Galatians 2:11-14
    • Was he the rock on whom the church was built?
      • John 1:42 – Peter or rock?
      • Matthew 16:13-20 – Is Peter this rock?
      • From Peter himself: I Peter 2:4-8
      • Backed up by Paul: I Corinthians 3:9-11
    • Was Peter the “Head Apostle” or “Chief Apostle”?
      • Hebrews 3:1 – Someone greater than Peter
      • Galatians 2:6-10 – not exclusive
    • Peter not always “preeminent”
      • James took front and center in much of Acts
        • Acts 12:17; 15:13; 21:18
      • Who sends the boos on a mission? Acts 8:14-15
      • No doubt, Peter was a prominent apostle
      • No indication that he ruled over them
      • With no position held, it couldn’t be passed down
  • Apostolic succession
    • Several schisms teach and follow this
      • Roman Catholicism
      • Eastern Orthodoxy
      • Mormonism
    • Hinges on two ideas
      • Peter was the head apostle
      • His authority was passed on to subsequent generations
      • New apostles replace those who pass on or step down
    • Matthias
      • Added to the eleven to make twelve again
      • Criteria defies continual replacement – Acts 1:21-22
        • Be a witness “with us”
        • Must have been present along with apostles
    • What about Paul?
      • Special mission, special apostleship
      • Mission determined by God, not man
      • Appointment directly from Jesus
    • Some call selves apostles but are not – Revelation 2:2
  • Veneration
    • Adulation bordering on worship
      • To apostles
      • To select or prominent saints
      • Special places of worship
        • Bearing saints’ names
        • Some containing their remains – Matthew 23:27
      • Contrast with apostles’ attitudes
        • Where did early church gather in Jerusalem?
        • What made place of worship holy? Matthew 18:20
        • We keep the things we do and places we do when we do them by the authority of Jesus Christ
      • Would the apostles approve?
    • Scriptures to consider
      • I Thessalonians 2:5-7
      • Acts 14:11-18
      • I Corinthians 15:9-10
      • II Corinthians 11:7-15
      • Acts 10:25-26
      • Matthew 17:4-5
  • Peter in tradition
    • Executed in Rome by Nero
      • Crucified upside down
      • Same time as Paul’s execution
      • Remains in St. Peter’s Basilica along with Paul’s
    • Count Joseph’s Commission in the fourth century
      • From Emperor Constantine
      • Martyrium built on site of Peter’s and Andrew’s home
  • The apostles – in closing
    • Single most convincing evidence
      • Never sought power or wealth
      • Unfailing witnesses of the gospel
      • Endured much discomfort and cruelty
      • Died for the faith, what they knew to be true
        • Deaths often by cruel means
        • Could have renounced faith
    • Why would they do this for a lie?

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