By David Watson

Benchley, May 28, 2017

  • Exodus 21-24
  • The covenant is ratified (Exodus 24)
    • Ratifying the covenant
      • Moses recites all the laws; the people agree (Exodus 24:3)
      • Moses writes down all the laws – Exodus 20-23 (Exodus 24:3)
      • Offerings are made on a special altar (Exodus 24:4-5)
      • Moses uses the blood from the offerings
        • Half sprinkled on altar (Exodus 24:6)
        • Half sprinkled on people (Exodus 24:8)
      • Moses reads all the laws; they agree again (Exodus 24:7)
      • 74 representatives see God, then feast (Exodus 24:9-11)
    • The importance of blood in the process
      • Exodus 24:8
      • I Corinthians 11:25
      • Hebrews 9:18-23
      • The old covenant tabernacle is not a parallel to a modern church building. Instead the tabernacle is a parallel to the real temple that exists in heaven and was inaugurated by the blood of Jesus Himself.
    • The Promised Land (Exodus 23:20-33)
      • God was ready to bless them, but many lost faith in the promises. Let us not repeat their mistakes! Hebrews 3:16-19
    • Slavery (Exodus 21:2-11)
      • Slavery was a reality in Bible times. Sometimes, people found themselves destitute and their only option to repay debts was slavery.
      • Under the Old Covenant, God put a number of protections in place to protect slaves.
      • Leviticus 19:9-10
      • Deuteronomy 15:7-18
      • Slavery was to be a temporary condition that ended well for the slave.
      • Colossians 4:1
    • “A woman with child” (Exodus 21:22-25)
      • God’s laws here protect the life of the mother and unborn child.
      • God’s protection of the baby still in the womb shows that an unborn child was already considered a life.
    • Exodus 21:28 – Laws about a goring ox.
    • Exodus 23:19 – possibly an anti-Canaanite law?

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